Salicornia

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Related to Salicornia europaea: Marsh samphire, Common Glasswort

Salicornia

 

(glassworts), a genus of halophilic plants of the family Chenopodiaceae. These succulent, jointed annual or perennial herbs and shrubs have opposite branches and scalelike leaves. The flowers are usually gathered in threes and are embedded in the fleshy axis of the spicate inflorescence. The perianth is connate and fleshy.

There are about 35 species, distributed predominantly in warm-temperate, subtropical, and tropical zones. Three species are found in the USSR. S. europaea grows on the Baltic coast, in the central and southern zones of the European USSR, in the Caucasus, in Middle Asia, in southern Serbia, and in the Far East. It often forms a dense cover on moist solonchaks, solonchak shallows, seashores, solonchak meadows, and swamps. The plant is used as autumn-winter fodder for camels and sheep; in some places, for example, France, it is used as a seasoning or vegetable. The plant also serves as an insecticide, and its ashes contain potash.

References in periodicals archive ?
98%, respectively, and these values were obtained from the highest Salicornia europaea and the lowest Alhagi pseudalhagi.
Salicornia europaea growth and reproductive capacity is influenced by insect herbivory (the beetle Erynephola maritima and larvae of the moth Coleophora spp.
The amphipod Corophiurn volutator could be a significant factor in determining the lower limits of Salicornia europaea distribution (Gerdol & Hughes, 1993).
Effects of competition, disturbance, and herbivory on Salicornia europaea.
Effect of the amphipod Corophium volutator on the colonisation of mud by the halophyte Salicornia europaea.
Effect of salinity and waterlogging on growth and survival of Salicornia europaea, an inland halophyte.
Population characteristics, growth, and survival of the halophyte Salicornia europaea.
The distribution and growth of Salicornia europaea on an inland salt pan.
height, internode number, nodes with branches, and dry mass of Salicornia europaea and Atriplex prostrata.
Results of one-way ANOVA for the effects of submergence in medium and low water treatments on growth parameters of Salicornia europaea and Atriplex prostrata.
Percent survival for Salicornia europaea and Atriplex prostrata in low, medium, and high water treatments.
In the populations at the inland salt marsh at Rittman, OH, the persistent seed bank was able to produce a new cohort of the above ground vegetation, and these later cohorts of Salicornia europaea and Atriplex prostrata replenished the seed bank by the end of the growing season.