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New Sarum(sâr`əm), town (1991 pop. 36,890), Wiltshire, S England. A market town, Salisbury was founded in 1220 when the bishopric was moved there from Old SarumOld Sarum
, site of a former city, Wiltshire, S England, just N of Salisbury (New Sarum). Excavations and scanning technologies have revealed remains of a British Iron Age fort, the Roman station Sorbiodunum, and a later Saxon then Norman town in the old settlement's mound.
..... Click the link for more information. . Squares or "checkers" are characteristic of the regular plan of the town. Industries include cattle and poultry marketing, brewing, leatherwork, and printing. The cathedral, a splendid example of Early English architecture with the highest spire in England (404 ft/123 m), was built mainly between 1220 and 1260. Some of the materials were brought from the razed cathedral of Old Sarum. The 13th-century palace of the bishops, numerous medieval churches and other old buildings, and the Salisbury and South Wiltshire Museum are of interest. There is a teacher-training college and a theological college. The town is the Melchester of Thomas HardyHardy, Thomas,
1840–1928, English novelist and poet, b. near Dorchester, one of the great English writers of the 19th cent.
The son of a stonemason, he derived a love of music from his father and a devotion to literature from his mother.
..... Click the link for more information. 's Wessex novels. StonehengeStonehenge
, group of standing stones on Salisbury Plain, Wiltshire, S England. Preeminent among megalithic monuments in the British Isles, it is similar to an older and larger monument at Avebury, some 20 mi (30 km) away.
..... Click the link for more information. is 10 mi (16 km) to the north.
Salisbury.1 City (1990 pop. 20,592), seat of Wicomico co., Md., on the Eastern ShoreEastern Shore,
the tidewater region along E shore of Chesapeake Bay, including all of Maryland and Virginia E of the bay. The region's economy was historically based largely on agriculture and fishing, but in the second half of the 20th cent. tourism became significant.
..... Click the link for more information. , at the head of the Wicomico River; settled 1732, inc. 1872. Poultry raising and processing is the major industry. Clothing, machinery, and boats are manufactured. The city is also a trade center for the Eastern Shore. Salisbury Univ. is there.
2 City (1990 pop. 23,087), seat of Rowan co., W central N.C., in the Piedmont industrial region; inc. 1770. There is food processing, and machinery, furniture, electrical and medical equipment, building materials, textiles and apparel, aluminum, and chemicals are manufactured. Salisbury is the seat of Catawba College and Livingstone College. The city has a number of 18th- and 19th-century buildings, churches, and homes. The national cemetery in Salisbury was the site of one of the largest Confederate prison camps during the Civil War; approximately 11,700 Union soldiers are buried there.
, formerly Salisbury,
city (1992 est. pop. 1,485,615), alt. 4,865 ft (1,483 m), capital of Zimbabwe, NE Zimbabwe. Harare is Zimbabwe's largest city and its administrative, commercial, and communications center.
..... Click the link for more information. , Zimbabwe.
(also New Sarum), a city in southern Great Britain. Located on the Avon River, in Wiltshire. Population, 35,500 (1973). Salisbury has enterprises for the production of foodstuffs and light-industry enterprises. The city is a tourist site.
Salisbury has a grid street plan that developed in the Middle Ages. Architectural monuments include a Gothic cathedral (1220–66; spire, c. 1320–30), the Bishops’ Palace (13th century), the Poultry Cross trade building (c. 1335), and numerous medieval houses. The Museum of Salisbury and South Wilts has a collection of local antiquities.
REFERENCEThe City of Salisbury. London, 1957.
a city in Southern Rhodesia. Population, including suburbs, 477,000 (1972), of which approximately three-fourths is African. Salisbury was founded in 1890 by English settlers and was named in honor of the Third Marquess of Salisbury. In 1923 it became the capital of the self-governing colony of Southern Rhodesia. From 1953 to 1963 it was also the capital of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland.
Salisbury is linked by rail with the ports of Beira and Lourenço Marques in Mozambique. It is also a junction for highways and air routes. An important center for trade, industry, and finance, the city produces tobacco, foodstuffs (including sugar), textiles, clothing, chemicals, metal products, and furniture. It also has a motor-vehicle assembly plant and a large tobacco market. Gold is mined in the environs of Salisbury.