Atlantic Salmon

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Atlantic salmon

[ət¦lan·tik ′sa·mən]
(invertebrate zoology)
Salmo salar. A species of salmon that occurs throughout the North Atlantic Ocean and spawns in eastern North America and western Europe; it can complete more than one migratory cycle and thus can breed multiple times.

Atlantic Salmon


(Salmo salar), a migratory fish of the family Salmonidae. The Atlantic salmon reaches a length of 1.5 m and a weight of 39 kg. It inhabits the North Atlantic and the southwestern part of the Arctic Ocean. In the USSR the fish is present in the basins of the Barents, Kara, White, and Baltic seas. Sexual maturity is usually attained at five years of age. The fish spawns in rivers in the autumn and winter, depositing 6,000 to 26,000 roe. The large, orange roe are buried by the female under pebbles. In the river the fry feed on aquatic larvae, adult insects, and small fishes. In one to five years the salmon migrate to the sea, where they feed mainly on fishes. In lakes the Atlantic salmon is a resident form. The fish has great commercial value and is often raised on fish farms.

References in periodicals archive ?
A long term trial with Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) fed genetically modified soy; focusing general health and performance before, during and after the parr-smolt transformation.
An evaluation of use of triploid atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) in minimizing the impact of escaped farmed salmon on wild populations.
Polymorphic micro satellite loci from Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar): genetic differentiation of North American and European populations.
Effect of induced hyperoxia on the antioxidant status of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) fed three different levels of dietary vitamin E.
Temporal variation in muscle fibre area, gaping, texture, colour and collagen in triploid and diploid Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.).
Infectious salmon anaemia in salt water Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) in New Brunswick, Canada.
Effects of 6-, 12-, and 18-month photoperiod cycles on smolting and sexual maturation in juvenile Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar).
Gross MR (1998) One species with two biologies: Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) in the wild and in aquaculture.
Temporal, environmental and management factors influencing the epidemiological patterns of sea lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) infestations on farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) in Scotland.
Inverse correlation between ovarian development of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) smolts and sea age.
The use of genetic marking to assess the reproductive success of mature male Atlantic salmon parr (Salmo salar L.) under natural spawning condition, Journal of Fish Biology 41:613-618.