Salomon Maimon


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Maimon, Salomon

 

(pseudonym of Salomon Heiman). Born 1753 (1754), in Mirts (Mir), near Nesvizh, present-day Byelorussian SSR; died Nov. 22, 1800, in Nieder-Siegersdorf, Silesia. Self-taught philospher, subjective idealist.

Maimon was educated in the Judaic tradition; he became an admirer of the philosophy of Maimonides and as a result changed his surname. In 1777 he settled in Prussia, where he made contact with M. Mendelssohn. Maimon criticized the philosophy of Kant; in particular, he rejected Kant’s “thing-in-itself,” attacking this concept from a position close to the idealistic viewpoints of F. H. Jacobi. Maimon formulated a “principle of determinacy” as the fundamental law of logic.

WORKS

Versuch über die Transcendentalphilosophie. Berlin, 1790.
Versuch einer neuen Logik oder Theorie des Denkens. Berlin, 1794. New edition: Berlin, 1911.
Lebensgeschichte, vols. 1-2. Berlin, 1911. (Russian translation in Evreis kaia biblioteka, vols. 1-2. St. Petersburg, 1871-72.)

REFERENCES

Fisher, K. Istoriia novoi filosofii, vol. 6, St. Petersburg, 1909. Chapters 6-7.
lakovenko, B. “Filosofskie kontseptsii S. Maimona.” Voprosy filosofii i psikhologii, book 4 (p. 114); book 5 (p. 115), 1912.
Atlas, S. From Critical to Speculative Idealism: The Philosophy of S . Maimon. The Hague, 1964.
Bergman, S. H. The Philosophy of S. Maimon. Jerusalem, 1967.
Kozlowski, R. Salomon Maimon jako krytyk i kontynuator filozofii. Poznań, 1969.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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He reread and recommended to family and friends life-writing by Dostoyevsky, the proto-feminist and socialist Lily Braun, Salomon Maimon, and many others.
Throughout the book Freudenthal demonstrates Mendelssohn's embodiment of what Jonathan Israel calls the "conservative" or "moderate" Enlightenment by contrasting him with Salomon Maimon, his younger contemporary.
Topics include Salomon Maimon and skepticism, by Lidia Gasperoni; morality, irony, and skepticism in Fichte, by Llaus Vieweg; and transcendental philosophy, dialectic and the problem of determination in Fichte, by Angelica Nuzzo (affiliations are not given).
In what follows, I would like to draw out this difference between the possible and the virtual (as two conceptions of the transcendental) from the point of view of the history of philosophy: first, by examining two figures who seem to have influenced Deleuze most in this regard--Henri Bergson and Salomon Maimon; second, by examining the reading of Kant that Deleuze provides in Difference and Repetition; and finally, by briefly examining, as examples, Deleuze's analysis of three virtual structures, namely those of language, society, and the body.
To underscore his point that the terms of discussion on the status and identity of Blacks and Jews for the past two centuries were set during the Enlightenment, Philipson uses two illustrative autobiographies from the eighteenth century-those by Olaudah Equiano (4) and Salomon Maimon (5)-- and two from the twentieth--by Richard Wright (6) and Alfred Kazin (7)--to outline the major questions he wishes to pursue in the book.
Finally she examines autobiographies by people who originated from the ghetto, beginning with the unforgettable memoirs of Salomon Maimon and drawing attention particularly to the interesting reminiscences of Sigmund Mayer, a liberal Viennese businessman born in the ghetto of Pressburg (Bratislava).
(17) Salomon Maimon, Kritische Untersuchungen uber den menschlichen Geist, in Gesammelte Werke 7:67; hereafter GW.
Also in this first group are Salomon Maimon (1753-1800), the first Jewish thinker who attributed an unbiasedly positive role to Spinoza in the development of modern philosophy; Berthold Auerbach (1812-1882), the poet who was the first to translate most of Spinoza's works into German and who wrote a novel in which Spinoza's friend Lodewijk Meyer stated that it was a Jew (i.e., Spinoza) who was the first "son of mankind," the first truly universal thinker; and Julius Guttman (1880-1950) and Leo Strauss, who also thought that Spinoza belonged to modern philosophy but not Jewish philosophy.