Salon


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Salon,

annual exhibition of art works chosen by jury and presented by the French Academy since 1737; it was originally held in the Salon d'Apollon of the Louvre. By the mid-19th cent. the Salon had become an expression of conservative, established tastes in art. Until 1863 it was the only major public art exhibition held in Paris. That year the Salon des Réfusés was organized in protest by artists whose works were rejected by the Salon jury. See academies of artacademies of art,
official organizations of established artists. Lorenzo de' Medici's informal circle of great artists and thinkers was modeled on similar groups formed in classical Greece.
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Bibliography

See R. King, The Judgment of Paris (2006).

Salon

French word for a formal room in which exhibitions of art were held.

Salon

 

the name given to periodic exhibitions of contemporary art in France.

Officially sponsored exhibitions of contemporary art have been organized in Paris since the 17th century. Beginning in 1699 they were held in the Louvre, at first in the Grande Galerie and from 1737 to 1848 in the Salon d’Apollon. Officially sponsored salons have also been held at the Grand Palais on the Champs Elysées. Since the mid-18th century salons have been held on a regular basis. Annual exhibitions were held in the late 18th century, and the custom was resumed in 1863.

Prior to the Great French Revolution only members of the Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture took part in salons. The revolution opened the salons to all artists. However, beginning with Napoleon I’s empire (1804–15), salon juries systematically supported uninspired academic art, often aimed at philis-tine tastes (seeSALON ART). The works of progressive masters were frequently rejected by the juries. Nevertheless, a number of progressive painters did gain entry into the salons, thus transforming the salons of 1819, 1824, 1831, and 1850 into arenas of struggle between advanced and official academic trends. Artists often reacted to the jury’s policies by setting up independent exhibitions, for example, G. Courbet’s Realism Exhibition (1855) and the Salon des Refusés (1863)—an exhibition of future impressionists. In 1881 the salons ceased to be state-sponsored events and were transferred to the administration of the Society of French Artists, which, from that time on, has arranged the annual Spring Salon.

Critical reviews of the salons have been written since the 18 th century by many critics, writers, and thinkers (Diderot, Stendhal, Heine, Gautier, and Zola).

In the late 19th and early 20th centuries new, avant-garde salons were organized. Examples include the Salon of the Independents, the Autumn Salon, and the Tuilleries Salon. Exhibitions in other countries have also been called salons, for example, the salons of the Golden Fleece in Russia (1908, 1909–10).

salon

1. A room used primarily for exhibition of art objects.
2. A drawing room.
3. A small, stylish place of business.

salon

1. a commercial establishment in which hairdressers, beauticians, etc., carry on their businesses
2. 
a. a hall for exhibiting works of art
b. such an exhibition, esp one showing the work of living artists
References in classic literature ?
The great square salon has four windows, modestly cased in woodwork painted gray.
Seeing the salon lighted up, the abbe would slowly hurry to come down.
Between eight and nine o'clock the servants began to arrive in the antechamber to accompany their masters home; and, short of a revolution, no one remained in the salon at ten o'clock.
The conversations in her salon every evening kept her informed of the arrival of all strangers in Alencon, and of the facts of their fortunes, rank, and habits.
Fact.MR has announced the addition of the "Salon Disinfectants Market Forecast, Trend Analysis & Competition Tracking - Global Market insights 2018 to 2028"report to their offering.
Elegantly appointed, European inspired Salon Roma has completed its build-out and is immediately set on appreciating local heroes in the community.
Dubai, United Arab Emirates, July 08, 2019 --(PR.com)-- The grand opening of their salon and spa brings forth the traditions of SA'beauti London to clients in Dubai.
Summary: Revenue share of direct sales in the salon chair market is more than 30% in the global salon chair market by sales channel and is predicted to remain the key sales channel throughout the duration of the forecast period.
Eid night is the golden night for barbers where they operate for 24 hours, said another salon worker.
The germs isolates obtained from the salon tools included Staphylococcus aureus (27.7 per cent) and Bacillus spp.(22.2 per cent) that cause skin infections such as skin abscess and impetigo.
Sous l'appellation Les [beaucoup moins que]Salons du Tourisme 2020 [beaucoup plus grand que] se deroulent, aux memes dates et lieu, cinq salons a theme, a savoir: [beaucoup moins que] M.I.T [beaucoup plus grand que] (salon international du tourisme), [beaucoup moins que] Horeca Expo [beaucoup plus grand que] (salon des equipements et services hoteliers), [beaucoup moins que] Boat Show [beaucoup plus grand que] (salon de la plaisance et activites nautiques), [beaucoup moins que] Spa Expo [beaucoup plus grand que](salon du bien-etre et du tourisme medical), et [beaucoup moins que] Sports Show [beaucoup plus grand que] (salon des activites et equipements sportifs) .
* Topline revenues for all salon industry services (hair, skin, nails) plus salon retail grew only 1.8% to $64.3 billion, according to the newest Professional Salon Industry Haircare Study from Professional Consultants & Resources (PCR), a Piano, TX-based salon industry consultancy.

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