Salsola


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Related to Salsola: Salsola kali, Salsola soda

Salsola

 

(saltwort), a genus of plants of the family Chenopo-diaceae. These annual herbs, shrubs, and subshrubs generally have alternate, fleshy, and linear or semicylindrical leaves. The bisexual flowers usually are borne singly in the axils of the brac-teal leaves and form spicate or panicled inflorescences. There are usually five perianth segments, which are partite and often develop horizontal wings near the fruits.

There are more than 150 species, distributed primarily in the deserts and semideserts of Eurasia and Africa. Species have been introduced into the Americas and Australia. There are about 80 species in the USSR, growing mainly in Middle Asia. The plants grow principally on solonchaks, solonetzes, and sands. The following are valuable pasture plants for camels, sheep, and goats: the subshrub S. orientalis (formerly S. rígida), the shrub S.arbúsculo, and the annuals S. crassa, S. lanata, S. brachiata, and S. turcomanica. The species S. ibérica is a weed and fodder plant. Some species, for example, S. paletzkiana, serve to fix sands. Shrub species are used as fuel. The shrub S. richteri, which grows in sandy deserts of Middle Asia, contains the alkaloids salsoline and salsolidine in its fruits, flowers, and leaves; the alkaloids are used in treating hypertension. Species whose anthers have swollen appendages, for example, S. crassa, are often placed in the genus Cltmacoptera.

References in periodicals archive ?
Repellent and toxicological impact of acetone extracts of Nicotiana tabacum, Pegnum hermala, Saussurea costus and Salsola baryosma against red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum (Herbst).
Salsola imbricata belongs to family Chenopodiaceae and it is consisted of 103 genera and about 1300 species worldwide.
Open Competition: Design Work On The Comprehensive Improvement Of Streets And Public Spaces At The Address: Moscow, Center, Lubyansky Pr-D, Solyansky Pr-D, Salsola Str.
tenuipennis is abundant on fourwing saltbush, Atriplex canescens; it also occurs on cattle saltbush, Atriplex polycarpa, seepweed or seabite, Suaeda spp., greasewood, Sarcobatus vermiculatus, and introduced prickly Russian thistle, Salsola tragus (Ball et al.
The natural/secondary vegetation habitat types were subdivided into the following groups most used by curlews: tumbleweed (Salsola kali), wild arugula (Eruca sativa), and a combination of sibara (Sibara runcinata) with common horehound (Marrubium vulgare).
[9] used6-benzylaminopurine (BAP) and indol-3-acetic acid (IAA) to obtain a quicker growth of Salsola. Mei et al.
Se recalienta entonces durante veinticuatro horas y se le anade, a partes iguales, la piedra blanca llamada qamsari y fundente alcalino o chakkar, obtenido de la ceniza procedente de los tallos de una planta llamada ashnan (Salsola soda).
Russian thistle, Salsola tragus (tumbleweed), has become an icon of the American West since arriving in the 1870s as a flax seed contaminant.
The remaining six species were not common and including a few seedlings and small plants of two perennial species, and four annuals including the exotic Salsola tragus.
hyssopifolia, Camphorosma monspeliaca, Anabasis aphylla, Kochia iranica, Salsola heptapotamica, S.
A number of species listed in Table 1 have spread into the area due to increasing human encroachment, such as Erigeron bonariensis, Portulaca olereaca, Sonchus oleraceus, and Solanum nigrum, as well as the halophytes Bassia muricata, Cressa cretica, Salsola imbricata, and Suaeda aegyptiaca.
The highest amounts were found in the extract of "Trigonellafoenum" while the lowest amounts were found in the extract of "Cistus." The plant Helianthemum kahiricum showed the highest values in total phenols in the two dichloromethane and ethyl acetate fractions against the plant Salsola baryosma which showed the lowest value.