Salsola


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Related to Salsola: Salsola kali, Salsola soda

Salsola

 

(saltwort), a genus of plants of the family Chenopo-diaceae. These annual herbs, shrubs, and subshrubs generally have alternate, fleshy, and linear or semicylindrical leaves. The bisexual flowers usually are borne singly in the axils of the brac-teal leaves and form spicate or panicled inflorescences. There are usually five perianth segments, which are partite and often develop horizontal wings near the fruits.

There are more than 150 species, distributed primarily in the deserts and semideserts of Eurasia and Africa. Species have been introduced into the Americas and Australia. There are about 80 species in the USSR, growing mainly in Middle Asia. The plants grow principally on solonchaks, solonetzes, and sands. The following are valuable pasture plants for camels, sheep, and goats: the subshrub S. orientalis (formerly S. rígida), the shrub S.arbúsculo, and the annuals S. crassa, S. lanata, S. brachiata, and S. turcomanica. The species S. ibérica is a weed and fodder plant. Some species, for example, S. paletzkiana, serve to fix sands. Shrub species are used as fuel. The shrub S. richteri, which grows in sandy deserts of Middle Asia, contains the alkaloids salsoline and salsolidine in its fruits, flowers, and leaves; the alkaloids are used in treating hypertension. Species whose anthers have swollen appendages, for example, S. crassa, are often placed in the genus Cltmacoptera.

References in periodicals archive ?
and Salsola baryosma (Schultes) and Cypermethrin against Trogoderma granarium (Everts).
Only 8 specimens from this list (Callitriche intermedia, Circaea alpina, Salsola kali, Swertia perennis, Lunaria rediviva, Cakile maritima, Dentaria bulbifera, Betula nana) have survived in the herbarium.
The following battery of 24 aeroallergens common in Mexico City was used: Aspergillus fumigatus, Alternaria, Mucor, Blattella germanica, Periplaneta americana, Penicillium, cat, dog, horse, Dermatophagoides (pteronyssinus and farina), Ambrosia, Artemisa ludoviciana, Cynodon dactylon, Chenopodium album, Quercus, Fraxinus, Helianthus, Ligustrum vulgare, Lolium perenne, Plantago lanceolata, Rumex crispus, Schinus molle, Salsola, and Phleum pratense.
The prey of the lynx spider, Oxyopes globifer Simon 1876, occurring on Salsola nodulosa (Moq.
Nitrate Russian thistle Salsola rali Nitrate Sunflower Helianthus spp.
In this type Salsola species dominated with Echinops husoni and accompanied with Alhagi mannifera, Alhagi maurorum, Convolovulus lanatus and Heliotropium species.
Paspalidium jubiflorum * * Pittosporum phylliraeoides * * Planchonella australia * Plantago cunninghamii * * * * Podocarpus elatus * Polygonum plebeium * * * Portulaca oleracea * * * Rumex crystallinus * Salsola kali * * * Santalum acuminatum * * Santalum lanceolatum * * Schoenoplectus * dissachanthus Schoenoplectus validus * * * * Senna artemisioides * * * Sesbania cannabina * * * Sida corrugata * * * * Sporobolus actinocladus * Sporobolus caroli * * Sterculia quadrifida * Themeda avenacea * * Tragus australianus * * * Triodia spp.
Other species such as the sea rocket (Cakile maritima), the chenopods Salsola kali and Atriplex laciniata, and the composite Erigeron canadensis only tolerate a few centimeters of sand.
Chenopodium, Salsola, Suaeda) of the Chenopodiaceae family.
negevensis, Salsola vermiculata, Bassia (Chenolea) arabica, and Atriplex glauca on chalk- and marl-derived soils; Anabasis syriaca and Haloxylon scoparium are the shrubby dominants on loess-derived soils.
Facilitation of succession by the nonmycotrophic colonizer Salsola kali on a harsh site: effects of mycorrhizal fungi.