Salsola


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Related to Salsola: Salsola kali, Salsola soda

Salsola

 

(saltwort), a genus of plants of the family Chenopo-diaceae. These annual herbs, shrubs, and subshrubs generally have alternate, fleshy, and linear or semicylindrical leaves. The bisexual flowers usually are borne singly in the axils of the brac-teal leaves and form spicate or panicled inflorescences. There are usually five perianth segments, which are partite and often develop horizontal wings near the fruits.

There are more than 150 species, distributed primarily in the deserts and semideserts of Eurasia and Africa. Species have been introduced into the Americas and Australia. There are about 80 species in the USSR, growing mainly in Middle Asia. The plants grow principally on solonchaks, solonetzes, and sands. The following are valuable pasture plants for camels, sheep, and goats: the subshrub S. orientalis (formerly S. rígida), the shrub S.arbúsculo, and the annuals S. crassa, S. lanata, S. brachiata, and S. turcomanica. The species S. ibérica is a weed and fodder plant. Some species, for example, S. paletzkiana, serve to fix sands. Shrub species are used as fuel. The shrub S. richteri, which grows in sandy deserts of Middle Asia, contains the alkaloids salsoline and salsolidine in its fruits, flowers, and leaves; the alkaloids are used in treating hypertension. Species whose anthers have swollen appendages, for example, S. crassa, are often placed in the genus Cltmacoptera.

References in periodicals archive ?
These species were Tradescantia ohiensis, Koeleria macrantha, Lespedeza capitata, Salsola tragus and Silene antirrhina, all of which are known from disturbed dry sand prairies on the preserve.
Only 8 specimens from this list (Callitriche intermedia, Circaea alpina, Salsola kali, Swertia perennis, Lunaria rediviva, Cakile maritima, Dentaria bulbifera, Betula nana) have survived in the herbarium.
The prey of the lynx spider, Oxyopes globifer Simon 1876, occurring on Salsola nodulosa (Moq.
In this type Salsola species dominated with Echinops husoni and accompanied with Alhagi mannifera, Alhagi maurorum, Convolovulus lanatus and Heliotropium species.
Paspalidium jubiflorum * * Pittosporum phylliraeoides * * Planchonella australia * Plantago cunninghamii * * * * Podocarpus elatus * Polygonum plebeium * * * Portulaca oleracea * * * Rumex crystallinus * Salsola kali * * * Santalum acuminatum * * Santalum lanceolatum * * Schoenoplectus * dissachanthus Schoenoplectus validus * * * * Senna artemisioides * * * Sesbania cannabina * * * Sida corrugata * * * * Sporobolus actinocladus * Sporobolus caroli * * Sterculia quadrifida * Themeda avenacea * * Tragus australianus * * * Triodia spp.
Salsola 2-(4-acetoxypheny1)-2-chloro-N- tuberculatiformis methyl-ethylammonium chloride Shrub (Compound A).
with a scattered distribution of Larrea tridentata, Pluchea sericea, Tamarix ramosissima, and Hymenoclea salsola.
Chenopodium, Salsola, Suaeda) of the Chenopodiaceae family.
negevensis, Salsola vermiculata, Bassia (Chenolea) arabica, and Atriplex glauca on chalk- and marl-derived soils; Anabasis syriaca and Haloxylon scoparium are the shrubby dominants on loess-derived soils.
The herbaceous species identified, such as the Cruciferae, as well as Adonis, Salsola, Suaeda, Setaria and Phalaris, are typical of the Central Asian shrub desert steppe (Miller 1993; Walter & Box 1983: 200).
The composition of plant community of the three plots was similar, with the following predominant species: Lygeum spartum, Moricandia arvensis, Asparagus horridus, Suaeda vera, Piptatherum miliaceum and Salsola genistoides.