Salt River valley

Salt River valley,

irrigated region around the lower course of the Salt River, which rises in mountain streams near the Mogollon Rim of the Mogollon Plateau and flows southwest to join the Gila River in S central Arizona. Phoenix is the main city of the latter Ariz. region. Native Americans used the Salt River for irrigation many centuries ago. In the 19th cent., American settlers began irrigated farming in the valley, and the Mormons used some of the old Native American canals at Mesa, Ariz. The Salt River project, the first large irrigation scheme undertaken under the Federal Reclamation Act of 1902, is one of the most economically successful projects in North America. It began in 1903 when construction started on the Roosevelt Dam in a canyon E of Phoenix. The dam, forming Roosevelt Lake behind it, impounds enough water to irrigate fields for about two years even if no rain falls. Other dams were built between 1922 and 1946 to supply water and power. The region is a rich producer of citrus fruits, lettuce, melons, and other crops. A major factor in the Salt River project's success is the long season without frost; the climate also makes this area an attractive winter resort.
References in periodicals archive ?
Murphy planted avenue trees all over the Salt River Valley, both to promote his subdivisions and for his own pleasure.
( Pueblo Grande Museum: Get a discounted admission to the museum for just $4.00  and learn about life in the Salt River Valley hundreds of years ago.
A comparison of Salt River Valley and Imperial Valley California dust is shown in Table 1.
The location: Salt River Valley in America's Southwest.
The 1902 signing of the National Reclamation Act made it possible to build dams on western streams, and the Salt River Valley Water Users' Association was formed to manage the city's most precious commodity, its water supply.
They formed the Salt River Valley Water Users' Association and lobbied to build Theodore Roosevelt Dam northeast of town.
The Hohokam Indians of the Salt River Valley were the first Arizona inhabitants to use irrigation.
Whether the project is major roadway construction or simple landscape beautification, citizens in Phoenix, Glendale, and cities throughout the Salt River Valley -- spanning the entire socio-economic and cultural spectrums -- help decide not only the end result of a project, but also how the job will be carried out so as to minimize the everyday inconveniences and problems that invariably follow.
Arizona's diverse and consensus driven system for water management and governance is the bedrock on which the Salt River Valley Water Users Association, the Groundwater Management Act,the Arizona Department of Water Resources,the water banking authority, and the Central Arizona Water Conservation District (CAWCD), which enabled the construction of the Central Arizona Project (CAP) canal system, were created.
This book is a study of burial practices at the Hohokam site of La Ciudad, in the lower Salt River Valley of Arizona.