Tamarix

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Related to Salt cedar: tamarisk, Tamarisk tree

Tamarix

 

a genus of plants of the family Tamaricaceae. They are bushes or trees 6–10 m high, with slender long runners. The leaves are small, usually in the form of scales, and bluish or grayish in color. The blossoms are small; white rose, or violet; and gathered into long brushes. The fruit is a pod, with small seeds that are either bare or have a tuft of spikes on the end.

Tamarix love light, are drought resistant, and grow rapidly without requiring special soils; many types are salt tolerant. They multiply through seeds, root shoots, and cuttings and readily form hybrid varieties. There are 54 genera in the deserts and semiarid regions and steppes of southern Europe, Africa, and Asia as far as India; in the USSR there are 24 varieties. They grow wild in the floodplains and valleys of rivers, in tugaic forests, in wormwood and halophyte thickets, on lake shores, and the seashores of Middle Asia. Kazakhstan, the Caucasus, and the southern European part of the USSR. Tamarix are used for fuel, for plaiting various articles, and for sand and forest-land erosion prevention. They are good nectar plants. Domestic animals eat the young branches. Tamarix also show promise as decorative plants.

REFERENCES

Rusanov, F. N. Sredneaziatskie tamariksy. Tashkent, 1949.
Baum, B. Monographic Revision of the Genus Tamarix. Jerusalem, 1966.

S. K. CHEREPANOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Plant scientists remind us that if riparian cottonwood forests were allowed to regenerate and mature, most likely these rightful riverbank heirs would shade out any potential for reproductive success by invaders like salt cedar.
Hunt watched her hurry toward the bathhouse at the edge of the amusement park, just above the beach and the salt cedars.
Beating back salt cedar would also help the Arkansas River shiner, which suffered badly when the Canadian River was reduced to puddles a few years ago.
Emphasis was placed on removing salt cedar and other introduced plants, promoting native plants, and providing permanent pool habitat for the topminnow.
A wide, dry riverbed is such a path, littered today with bent-over small salt cedars with their wigs of branches pulled in the direction of a recent flood that came through the Bisti, all the water running quickly off.
The desert has its vegetation like salt cedars, bushesEoACA*etc.
I breathe in the salt cedars, the bushes pearled with skin petals that seem to sweat.
salt cedars look somewhat different from the two main species initially imported, Tamarix chinensis and Tamarix ramosissima.
Dave Holt and I had selected these trees because beaten, gouged trails from the north followed the edge of high weeds and circled and funneled together with other trails flowing west through the salt cedars bordering the Arkansas River.
The buck detected my movement, snorted, and bounded into the salt cedars.
and salt cedars (Tamarix chinensis) among a small colony of double-crested cormorants (Phalacrocorax auritus) and great blue herons (Ardea herodias).