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Salta,city (1991 pop. 370,302) capital of Salta prov., NW Argentina, in the Lerma valley. It is the commercial center of a region rich in agricultural produce, minerals (chiefly oil), and forest products. Corn, tobacco, wine grapes, and livestock are shipped through the city. Salta has retained its colonial atmosphere. The cathedral is well known, and ruins of many 17th-century buildings dot the surrounding countryside. There is an archaeological museum. Founded in 1582, Salta was a military outpost in the fight against the Native Americans. It became an important commercial and cultural center during the 17th cent.
a province in northwestern Argentina. Area, 154,800 sq km; population, 509,800 (1970). The capital is the city of Salta. The western part of the province is occupied by the slopes of the Andes; in the east is part of the Gran Chaco. Natural gas is produced at Madrejones and Campo Durán; other products include crude oil and sulfur. Agriculture specializes in the cultivation of sugarcane, rice, tobacco, and citrus fruits. The province has food and condiment industry (especially sugar-refining) and petroleum refining.
a city in northern Argentina and capital of Salta Province. Population, 176,100 (1970, with suburbs). Salta is a railroad and highway junction and is the trading center of the agricultural region (sugarcane, tobacco, and livestock). Industries includes food processing (primarily sugar and tobacco), woodworking, and the production of leather. The University of Salta was founded in 1582.