Salton Sea


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Salton Sea

(sôl`tən), saline lake, 370 sq mi (958 sq km), northern part of the Imperial Valley, SE Calif.; 232 ft (71 m) below sea level. The area was anciently the northern part of the Gulf of California, but during the Pleistocene the Colorado River delta grew across the gulf, severing the Imperial Valley from the gulf. Subsequently, during periods of plentiful rainfall, a lake formed in the region, but when the Spaniards arrived (c.1600) the area was a salt-covered depression that became known as Salton Sink. In 1905 a flood on the Colorado overwhelmed an irrigation canal and broke its levees; the river flowed into the sink for two years before being checked. The water level rose due to runoff from surrounding mountains and irrigation systems, but in recent years the sea's size has decreased due to drought, improvements in irrigation that reduced excess water for runoff, and the transfer of water away from the Imperial Valley to urban areas. As a result, salinity has increased, and fertilizer and pesticide pollution has grown, harming both fish and bird life as well as the once-thriving tourist trade. Airborne dust from the now-exposed dry lakebed also is a health hazard. A state park and a national wildlife refuge are on its shores. The sea has been an important stopping point on the Pacific flyway, but increased salinity and pollution threatens to make the sea inhospitable.

Salton Sea

 

a salt lake in the southwestern part of the United States, in California’s Saltón Trough. It occupies an area of approximately 630 sq km. In especially dry years, the lake exists as a collection of individual pools. The lake’s normal water level is 75 m below sea level, and the maximum depth is 6 m. Saltón Sea was formed through the separation of part of the Gulf of California by the delta of the Colorado River. It is fed by irrigation waters discharged into it from the Imperial Valley, which adjoins the lake on the south.

References in periodicals archive ?
Because the Salton Sea tilapia have higher growth rates than conspecifics in other systems (Riedel et al.
With a transfer of three times as much water in the works, "now the state's saying [we've got to] keep all that water going to the Salton Sea because if you lower it one inch, there's going to be an environmental problem, so it's a Catch-22 situation," says Bradshaw.
Avian botulism breaks out at the Salton Sea when bacteria and a variety of environmental conditions, including heat, come together to cause a massive growth of algae--an algal "bloom"--which robs fish of oxygen.
The wisdom of hindsight strongly supports the emerging initiative to send wastewaters to the lower delta instead of the Salton Sea wherever it is feasible.
The projects are located in Imperial County about ten miles west of the Salton Sea. With this addition, Duke Energy Renewables has six solar power projects in California totaling more than 100mw, enough to power about 23,000 average homes.
is the Salton Sea, a brine lake created accidentally |during irrigation works?
Another difficulty is that agricultural wastewater is critical to the Salton Sea, which provides important bird habitat.
He won the 2003 Prism Award for his work in The Salton Sea, and appeared in the 3-D epic Wings of Courage (1995) as well as voicing the character of Moses in the animated film The Prince of Egypt (1998).
Opens Friday, February 3 A BEAUTIFUL and oddly magical documentary by Alma Har'el about the oddball characters in Bombay Beach, one of the poorest communities in California on the shore of the Salton Sea. A truly delightful film infused with a strange charm and moments of visual poetry.
After the failure of Dr Moreau, he won praise from critics for his turns in The Salton Sea and Kiss Kiss, Bang, Bang.
Lake Cahuilla, the Salton Sea's ancient predecessor, was up to six times as deep as the present-day lake.
According to Senate Bill 654 of the California legislature, the Salton Sea will eventually become too saline to support its fishery and fish-eating birds, unless a restoration plan is implemented.