Saltwort


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Saltwort

 

the name of several weeds that are found in the forest steppe, semidesert, and desert. Usually they are stiff, thorny plants having the life form of tumbleweeds. The name “saltwort” is most often applied to the annual plant Salsola iberica, which is better known as Russian thistle (S. ruthenica, S. pestifer) and which is readily eaten by cattle.

References in periodicals archive ?
Three of the most successful are saltwort, glasswort and sea purslane, all waxy-leaved succulents that often grow together in red or green mats.
Garnish with mustard oil, fleur de sel and lime zest, sprinkle with amaranth and saltwort and top with tuile.
xerophytica, Asteraceae) and saltworts (Salsola laricifolia, S.
The dominant vegetation are saltworts (Salsola arbuscula and S.
Six species--Avicennia germinans (black mangrove), Batis maritima (maritime saltwort), Borrichia frutescens (sea ox-eye), Croton punctatus (beach croton), Prosopis reptans (dwarf screw bean), and Sophora tomentosa (yellow sophora)--have tropical affinites.
For example, 250 of the 2,000 known species of milk (Astragalus, Legumi-nosae) live in the desert, as do 90 of the 350 species of sagebrush (Artemisia, Asteraceae), 60 of the 650 species of onions (Allium, Liliaceae), more than 50 of the 200 species of saltwort (Salsola, Chenopodi-aceae), and 45 of the 150 species of Ferula (Api-aceae).
This group includes many chenopods such as saltworts (Salsola) or glassworts (Salicornia).
paltzkiana, shrubby saltworts found in Turkmenistan that can reach a height of 10 ft (3 m).
Immense areas of the stone deserts of Asia are totally dominated by subshrubby saltworts (Salsola).
It starts to browse on the saltwort known in Russian as solianca (Salsola laricifolia).
For example, after a moderate accumulation of sand, the mother plants of the field southernwood (Artemisia campestris), the Rhanterium suaveolens (Asteraceae), and the saltwort Salsola vermiculata, split into several functionally independent plants.
This reduction is taken to extremes in microphyllous plants, as in the ephedras (Ephedra spp.) and several halophilous chenopods such as the glassworts (Arthrocnemum, Salicornia) and saltworts (Salsola), in which the leaves have been reduced to scales and photosynthesis is performed by the stems.