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Related to Salvador: Panama, El Salvador, Salvador Allende


(săl`vədôr', Port. səlvəthôr`) or


(bəē`yə), formerly

São Salvador

(souN), city (1991 pop. 2,075,273), capital of Bahia state, E Brazil, a port on the Atlantic Ocean. It is the commercial center of a fertile crescent (the Recôncavo) and a shipping point for the cacao district to the south. Other exports include tobacco, sugar, hardwoods, industrial diamonds, oil, and aluminum. Salvador is also a fashionable tourist center. Despite the abundance of electrical energy, industrialization has proceeded slowly. Food processing, metallurgy, and woodworking are leading industries. The city, built on a peninsula, is divided into two sections connected by graded roads, elevators, and cable cars. As the main center of candomblé, which mixes Catholic and African religious beliefs and dieties, Salvador is known as the "Black Rome."

Founded in 1549, Salvador flourished with the development of sugar plantations and became the leading center of colonial Brazil. The resulting influx of black African slaves made the area notable for its African heritage in music, dance, folk customs, religion, and cuisine. Briefly under Dutch occupation (1624–25), the city was the capital of the Portuguese possessions in America until 1763. It still contains many buildings and fortifications from the colonial period. In the early 19th cent. it was a center of the Brazilian independence movement. In 1912 it was bombarded and heavily damaged by federal forces during factional struggles.

Salvador's intellectual and cultural vitality was manifested by such famous bahianos as Ruy BarbosaBarbosa, Ruy
, 1849–1923, Brazilian jurist, writer, and statesman. He was largely responsible for the republican constitution of Brazil and was the champion of law and liberty under recurrent dictatorships.
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, the statesman; Antônio de Castro AlvesAlves, Antônio de Castro
, 1847–71, Brazilian poet. A disciple of Victor Hugo, he came to fame with Espumas flutuantes [tossing spume] (1871). Despite a wild bohemian lifestyle, he was intensely nationalist and socially conscious.
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, the poet; and Jorge AmadoAmado, Jorge
, 1912–2001, Brazilian novelist. Amado's works deal largely with the poor urban black and mulatto communities of Bahia. His early novels, such as The Violent Land (1942, tr. 1945), are marked by grim and violent realism.
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, the novelist. Points of interest include a 16th-century cathedral (one of the city's many notable churches), two universities, art and other museums, and agricultural institutes. Salvador has a naval base.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(also known as Bahia), a city in northeastern Brazil and capital of the state of Bahia. Population, including suburbs, 1,007,200 (1970).

A port on the Atlantic Ocean, Salvador has a railroad station and is served by an international airport, located in Santo Amaro. It is the most important economic center in northeastern Brazil. There are chemical, cement, tobacco, food, and cottoncloth industries. Exports include cacao, tobacco, sugar, coffee, and hard woods. Enterprises of the metallurgical, petrochemical, and other industries are under construction (1974) nearby.

Founded in 1549, Salvador is situated on a slope that falls steeply to the sea. It is divided into two sections: the upper section, which consists primarily of public and residential buildings, and the lower section, dominated by port structures, warehouses, and markets. Many old buildings have been preserved, including the forts of Monte Serrat (1586), Santa Maria (1696), and Saõ Marcelo (1623). Most notable among the baroque buildings are the Monastery of Saõ Francisco de Assis (first half of the 18th century) with a church (1710, architects M. de Quaresma and others), the church of the convent of the Third Order of St. Francis (1703–40, architect M. G. Ribeiro), and the Saldanha Palace (c. 1720). Twentieth-century structures include the Caramuru Building (1946, architect P. Antonis Ribeiro), the Bank of Bahia (1949, architect P. Antonis Ribeiro), and a theater (1960). There is a museum of ancient art and the Bahia State Art Museum. Salvador also has a university, founded in 1946.


Smith, R. C. As artes na Bahja. Salvador, 1944.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


a port in E Brazil, capital of Bahia state: founded in 1549 as capital of the Portuguese colony, which it remained until 1763; a major centre of the African slave trade in colonial times. Pop.: 3 331 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Troubled director Salvador Mallo (Antonio Banderas)
'I think parehas namin choice na hindi i-announce o i-post sa social media kung ano man 'yung mga napagusapan namin or bakit kami naging okay,' Salvador said.
'Remembering Salvador Cabrera' was spearheaded by the artist's only daughter, Carla.
El Salvador has lost about 85 percent of its native forests since the 1960s, and the planet as a whole has lost about 80 percent of its native forests.
The Vice President added that El Salvador's diplomatic relations are not controlled by the United States, but are conducted in the interest of its own development.
In a speech during a ceremony held by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of El Salvador, in co-ordination with the embassy of Qatar, the Minister of Foreign Affairs of El Salvador, Carlos Castaneda, extended thanks and gratitude to Qatar for its donation.
Salvador is an unstable politician whose inordinate ambition and penchant for falsehood will soon be discovered by the APC.
But Salvador together with her daughter and son-in-law made a very good profit from their sweet corn crop that we witnessed at the harvest festival.
Hike volcanoes and waterfalls El Salvador is known as the "Land of Volcanoes" with 25 volcanoes visible to the naked eye.
Under this deal, Tigo El Salvador will receive approximately USD145m in cash.
NORDIC BUSINESS REPORT-February 7, 2018-Millicom's Tigo El Salvador subsidiary to sell 800 wireless towers to SBA for USD145m
Subscrito ao tema do seu mestrado, o livro "Salvador e a invasao holandesa de 1624-1625" traduz, para o mercado literario, os seus esforcos diante da necessidade de compreensao deste singular periodo historico, de apenas dois anos, em que tropas holandesas invadiram e dominaram a cidade de Salvador, resultando na inedita mobilizacao de lusitanos e nativos em torno da retomada da cidade.