Salvador Dali


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Dalí, Salvador

(sälväthōr` dälē`, dä`lē), 1904–89, Spanish painter. At first influenced by futurismfuturism,
Italian school of painting, sculpture, and literature that flourished from 1909, when Filippo Tommaso Marinetti's first manifesto of futurism appeared, until the end of World War I.
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, in 1924 Dalí came under the influence of the Italian painter de ChiricoChirico, Giorgio de
, 1888–1978, Italian painter, b. Vólos, Greece. Chirico developed his enigmatic vision in Munich and Italy and from 1911 to 1915 he worked and exhibited in Paris.
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 and by 1929 he had become a leader of surrealismsurrealism
, literary and art movement influenced by Freudianism and dedicated to the expression of imagination as revealed in dreams, free of the conscious control of reason and free of convention.
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. His precisely realistic style enhances the obsessively nightmarish effect of many of his paintings. Among his best-known works is Persistence of Memory (1931; Mus. of Modern Art, New York City) with its strangely melting clocks. In 1940 Dalí escaped from Nazi-occupied France and emigrated to the United States. He wrote The Secret Life of Salvador Dalí (1942) and also made surrealist ventures in films (e.g., Luis BuñuelBuñuel, Luis
, 1900–83, Spanish film director, b. Calanda, Aragón. In his best films, he used poetic, often bizarre imagery and black humor to question and undermine all claims of authority and knowledge.
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's Un Chien andalou, 1928), advertising, and the ballet. A self-proclaimed genius, Dalí was certainly a multitalented artist–a superb draftsman whose wildly inventive imagination has left a strong impression on contemporary culture. However, his publicity-seeking antics, commercialism, and encouragement of art-world trickery that made fake Dalí prints an industry caused some to brand him a charlatan. The Salvador Dalí Museum, St. Petersburg, Fla., and Teatre-Museu Dalí, Figueres, Spain, are devoted to his works.

Bibliography

See his diary, ed. by M. Déon (tr. 1965), Diary of a Genius (tr. 1994); C. Maurer, ed., Sebastian's Arrows: Letters and Momentos of Salvador Dalí and Federico García Lorca (2004); R. Descharnes and G. Neret, Dali: The Paintings (2 vol., 2004); biographies by I. G. De Liano (1984), R. Rom (1985), M. Etherington-Smith (1993), and I. Gibson (1998); studies by C. Lake (1969), H. N. Finkelstein (1996), R. Goff (1998), R. Radford (1998), and E. H. King, ed. (2010).

Dali, Salvador

 

Born May 11, 1904, in Figueras, Catalonia. Spanish American painter.

Dalí studied at the San Fernando Academy of Arts in Madrid from 1921 to 1926. From 1929 he lived in Paris and in 1940 settled in the United States. He lives in the USA and Spain. In 1928, Dalí joined the surrealist movement. Executed with technical precision, Dali’s paintings (The Persistence of Memory, 1931, Museum of Modern Art, New York; Jirafa de fuego, 1935, Public Art Collection. Basel) are nightmarish phantasmagorias and delirious visions, where unnatural situations and deliberately absurd combinations of objects take on apparent reality and authenticity. Beginning in 1941, Dalí turned to religious paintings and landscapes, bringing highly original fantasy to classical themes and composition structure (The Last Supper, 1955, National Gallery of Art, Washington). Dali’s works are characterized by unnatural fantasies and speculation on the political, religious, and aesthetic interests of the bourgeois public.

REFERENCES

Morse, A. R. Dalí: A Study of His Life and Work. Greenwich, Conn. [1958].
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Neither Descharnes nor Saphire could comment on whether the painting was genuine, nor its history in the Middle East, but Alex Rosenberg, Chair Emeritus of the Salvador Dali Research Center in New York, warned that many fakes had surfaced on the market.
This backdrop was created by Salvador Dali to tour, and in fact, it toured with the [ballet] show Mad Tristan in 1944 in New York," said Antonio Vergamini, cofounder of Company Finzi Pasca.
Dali Atomicus, 1948 courtesy 2013 Philippe Halsman Archive / Magnum Photos Image Rights of Salvador Dali reserved: Fundacio Gala-Salvador Dali, Figueres, 2014 and, inset, the new book detailing Halsman's work
Ademas, anadiendo complejidad al personaje, la gran cantidad de articulos publicados con declaraciones de miembros de su extenso circulo social tienden a sumar mas incognitas que respuestas al enigma que fue Salvador Dali.
The Salvador Dali Package at Hotel Ritz Madrid includes: luxury accommodation; daily buffet breakfast; two tickets to the Dali exhibition at Museo Reina Sofia; Dali-inspired Afternoon Tea.
Talking about his role, Pattinson said: "I did this movie about Salvador Dali a few years ago and had hair extensions and a little bob.
The painting, inspired by surrealist Salvador Dali, has been commissioned to mark new flights from Birmingham to Spain and France.
Summary: Finest works of 20th century renowned artists, Andy Warhol, Salvador Dali, Pablo Picasso and Joan Miro, are inspiring young children since July 1, to bring out their inner artist at the Art Camp 2012 at Farjam Collection on Village Gate 4 at the Dubai International Financial Centre (DIFC).
March 22 2012 (TUR) -- An exhibition consisting of the works of renowned painter Salvador Dali was opened in Turkish capital of Ankara on Thursday.
THE work of surreal artist Salvador Dali has come alive on stage at The Liverpool Institute for Performing Arts.
Surrealist Salvador Dali * Salvador Dali's etching Sacred Cow is to be sold in the Welsh Art Auction in the Oriel Washington Gallery in Penarth in June
Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dali i Domenech, commonly known as Salvador Dali (1904-1989) was a legendary Spanish Catalan surrealist painter, celebrated almost as much for his fl amboyant lifestyle and eccentric nature as for his artwork.