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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the main population of El Salvador. The country’s total population is 3.9 million (1973, estimate). Their language is Spanish. The believers are mainly Catholics.

Most Salvadorans are mestizos, the products of mixing of the Spanish colonizers in the 16th to 18th centuries with the native Indians and, to a lesser degree, Negroes. The Indians, who are insignificant in number but who have retained their ethnic sep-arateness and languages, live in the western and central regions of the country (the Pipil) and in the northeast (the Lenca). Most Salvadorans are engaged in agriculture (small peasants, hired farmhands, and agricultural workers on coffee plantations).


Narody Ameriki, vol. 2. Moscow, 1959.
Natsional’nye protsessy v Tsentral’noi Amerike i Meksike. Moscow, 1974.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Inevitably, it chilled the relations between the two countries and had a direct bearing in the treatment from the Hondurans towards the Salvadoran peasants.
Faith leaders noted that those affected by the administration's decision include the more than 192,000 U.S.-born children of Salvadoran temporary protected status recipients, who could either remain behind without their parents or return with them to a dangerous country.
Salvadorans who return to their native country, voluntarily or not, are likely to face a host of difficulties.
In 2001, two earthquakes caused further devastation, and Salvadoran refugees were granted Temporary Protected Status.
If the 200,000 or so Salvadorans were to migrate from the United States, the country would not be able to provide employment for them.
Salvadorans in the United States who benefited from TPS may still receive other protections under our immigration system for which they are eligible," said a Department of Homeland Security statement.
Some 200,000 Salvadoran immigrants allowed to live and work in the United States since 2001 will lose their right to remain in the country in 2019, officials said on Monday, marking the Trump administration's latest move to tighten immigration enforcement, Reuters reported.
Over the past decade, growing numbers of Salvadorans many coming as families or unaccompanied children have entered the United States illegally through Mexico, fleeing violence and poverty.
The government's Temporary Protected Status for Salvadoran immigrants will not be renewed after being in place since 2001, the government announced.
Martinez said that if the TPS is cancelled, then for the Salvadorans, "this would mean breaking up families that are in the United States."
In 2016, the Salvadoran government continued implementing PESS, a geographically-oriented, place-based approach to coordinate multiple lines of action aimed at reducing crime, including drug consumption and trafficking.