Salvatore Quasimodo


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Related to Salvatore Quasimodo: Eugenio Montale

Quasimodo, Salvatore

(sälvätô`rā kwäzē`mōdō), 1901–68, Italian poet and translator, b. Sicily. Quasimodo worked first as a technical designer and civil engineer. His five volumes of verse published between 1930 and 1938, including Acque e terra (1930), established him as leader of Italy's "hermetic" poets, whose verbal complexity, derived from the French symbolists, was used in discreet opposition to Mussolini. His anti-Fascist activities during World War II led to his imprisonment. Quasimodo's poetic ripening and his commitment as poet to the plight of modern man brought him the 1959 Nobel Prize in Literature. His mature style is marked by increased clarity and sensitivity. He chose to interpret man's history and fate with an underlying lament for human defeat in a violent universe. His works include Dare e avere: 1959–1965 (1966, tr. To Give and to Have, 1969) and Debit and Credit (tr. 1972).

Bibliography

See his Selected Writings (tr. 1960) and The Poet and the Politician and Other Essays (tr. 1964).

Quasimodo, Salvatore

 

Born Aug. 20, 1901, in Syracuse; died June 14, 1968, in Naples. Italian poet.

In the 1930’s, Quasimodo wrote in the style of the “hermetic” school, which was characterized by motifs of grief and loneliness —the collections Waters and Land (1930), Sunken Oboe (1932), Erato and Apollion (1936), and Poems (1938). During the antifascist resistance he began to concern himself with social reality (the collection Day After Day, 1947). Quasimodo’s postwar poetry deals with civic and patriotic themes—for example, Life Is Not a Dream (1949), and The False and True Green (1954)—and expresses faith in the people, whom the poet addresses directly (the collection The Incomparable Earth, 1958). Quasimodo was a member of the World Peace Council (1950) and received the Nobel Prize in 1959.

WORKS

Tutte le poesie. Verona, 1961.
In Russian translation:
Moia strana—Italiia. Edited by K. Zelinskii. [Introductory article by A. Surkov.] Moscow, 1961. (Translated from Italian.)
[“Stikhi.”] In ItaVianskaia lirika: XX vek. Moscow, 1968.

REFERENCES

Tedesco, N. S. Quasimodo e la condizione poetica del nostro tempo. Palermo [1959]. (Contains bibliography.)
Pento, B. Lettura di Quasimodo. Milan [1966].
Mazzamuto, P. Salvatore Quasimodo. [Palermo, 1967.]
Quasimodo e la critica. Edited by G. Finzi. [Milan, 1969.]

R. I. KHLODOVSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
Salvatore Quasimodo. Finzi, Gilberto (a cura di, con uno scritto di Elio Vittorini).
Salvatore Quasimodo nel vento del Mediterraneo: Atti del convegno internazionale, Princeton 6-7 aprile 2001.
"Salvatore Quasimodo tra poesia, scrittura epistolare e giornalistica".
Includes Corrado Alvaro, Daria Menicanti, Mariella Bettarini, Eugenio Montale, Virginio Bettini, Giuseppe Moretti, Giuseppe Bonaviri, Giorgio Nebbia, Italo Calvino, Luciana Notari, Dino Campana, Anna Maria Ortese, Carlo Cassola, Giovanni Pascoli, Antonio Cederna, Pier Paolo Pasolini, Gianni Celati, Fulco Pratesi, Gabriele D'Annunzio, Salvatore Quasimodo, Laura Conti, Nuto Revelli, Giuseppe Dessi, Monica Sarsini, Danilo Dolci, Massimo Scalia, Corrado Govoni, Carlo Sgorlon, Tonino Guerra, Ignazio Silone, Jolanda Insana, Mario Rigoni Stern, Carlo Levi, Studio Azzurro, Nicola Licciardello, Alfredo Todisco, Loredana Lucarini, Giuseppe Ungaretti, Gianna Manzini, Andrea Zanzotto, and Gianni Mattioli.
Includes Gabriele D'Annunzio, Corrado Govoni, Guido Gozzano, Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, Gesualdo Manzella-Frontini, Dino Campana, Umberto Saba, Vincenzo Cardarelli, Camillo Sbarbero, Giuseppe Ungaretti, Eugenio Montale, Salvatore Quasimodo, Sandro Penna, Cesare Pavese, Leonardo Sinisgalli, Alfonso Gatto, Attilio Bertolucci, Giorgio Bassani, Giorgio Caproni, Vittorio Sereni, Mario Luzi, Franco Fortini, Primo Levi, Nelo Risi, Andrea Zanzotto, Giorgio Orelli, Pier Paolo Pasolini, Luciano Erba, Bartolo Cattafi, Angelo Maria Ripellino, Maria Luisa Spaziani, Giovanni Giudici, Amelia Rosselli, Edoardo Sanguineti, Giovanni Raboni, Biancamaria Frabotta, Rossana Ombres, Patrizia Cavalli, Gianni D'Elia, Franco Buffoni, Andrea Gibellini, Antonella Anedda, and Valerio Magrelli.
Such writers--to name but a few--include Giuseppe Tomasi di Lampedusa, Italo Calvino, Boris Pasternak, Don DeLillo, Salvatore Quasimodo, and Harry Martinson.
During the fascist years many Neorealist writers were driven into hiding (Moravia), put in prison (Cesare Pavese, Elio Vittorini), or sent into exile (Ignazio Silone, Carlo Levi); some joined the Resistance (Vittorini, Italo Calvino, Carlo Cassola); others took refuge in introspective movements such as Hermeticism (Salvatore Quasimodo) or in translating the works of others (Pavese, Vittorini).
Eliot (Eng); 1949, William Faulkner (U.S.); 1950, Bertrand Russell (Eng); 1951, Par Lagerkvist (Sw); 1952, Francois Mauriac (Fr); 1953, Sir Winston Churchill (Eng); 1954, Ernest Hemingway (U.S.); 1955, Halldor Laxness (Icel); 1956, Juan Ramon Jimenez (P.R.); 1957, Albert Camus (Fr); 1958, Boris Pasternak (Russ, declined); 1959, Salvatore Quasimodo (Ital); 1960, Alexis Leger (Fr); 1961, Ivo Andrie (Yugo); 1962, John Steinbeck (U.S.); 1963, Giorgos Seferis (Gr); 1964, Jean - Paul Sartre (Fr, declined); 1965, Mikhail Sholokhov (Russ); 1966, S.