salvia

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salvia:

see sagesage,
any species of the large genus Salvia, aromatic herbs or shrubs of the family Labiatae (mint family). The common sage of herb gardens is S. officinalis, a strongly scented shrubby perennial, native from S Europe to Asia Minor.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Salvia

 

(sage), a genus of perennial herbs or subshrubs of the family Labiatae. The flowers are in false whorls, which form a spicate or panicled inflorescence. The upper lip of the corolla is helmet-shaped, straight, or crescent-shaped. There are two stamens. The flowers have a unique adaptation for cross-pollination. The fruit consists of four nutlets.

The approximately 700 species occur throughout the world, primarily in the subtropics and tropics. The USSR has about 80 species, growing mainly on dry mountain slopes. The most common species is garden sage (S. officinalis), a usually violet-flowered subshrub that grows in the Mediterranean region. In the USSR it is cultivated for medicinal and culinary purposes in Moldavia, the southern Ukraine, and Krasnodar Krai. The leaves contain essential oil, alkaloids, and tanning substances; they are used as a flavoring in the production of liqueurs and spirits and in the fish canning industry. A tincture of leaves is used medicinally as an astringent or anti-inflammatory rinse to treat inflammations of the mouth, pharynx, and larynx. Clary (S. sclarea), a perennial with pinkish lilac flowers, grows in the southern Ukraine, the Crimea, the Caucasus, and Middle Asia. It is cultivated for the essential oil contained in the inflorescences; the oil is used by the pharmaceutical, distilling, confectionery, and tobacco industries. Many species, including scarlet sage (S. splendens), S. coccinea, and garden sage, are cultivated as ornamentals.

REFERENCES

Pobedimova, E. G. “Rod Shalfei-Salvia L.” In Flora SSSR, vol. 21. Moscow-Leningrad, 1954.
Atlas lekarstvennykh rastenii SSSR. Moscow, 1962.

T. V. EGOROVA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

salvia

[′sal·vē·ə]
(materials)
The dried leaves of the sage, Salvia officinalis; contains volatile oil, resin, and tannin; used in food engineering as a flavoring agent and condiment, and in medicine as an antisecretory agent.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

salvia

any herbaceous plant or small shrub of the genus Salvia, such as the sage, grown for their medicinal or culinary properties or for ornament: family Lamiaceae (labiates)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Daniel Siebert, an ethnobotanist and advocate of Salvia divinorum, states that the drug is not for recreational use.
SORTED: The Himalyan Craft Ltd shop sells a wide variety of seeds; STRONG: Owner Darcy Petticrew says Salvia Divinorum is safe if used responsibly; LEGAL TRADE: Darcy's shop displays much drug paraphernalia - including pipe, scales and papers
Drug Enforcement Agency, Salvia Divinorum and Salvinorin A (2010), available at http://www.justice.gov/dea/concern/ salvia_divinorum.html [hereinafter Salvia Fact Sheet].
Although no national restrictions on Salvia divinorum exist, numerous states including Florida, Missouri, Louisiana and Delaware have banned the substance.
In the indigenous use of Salvia divinorum, a curandero would typically brew the salvia into a beverage, which would then be consumed by those seeking visions under the curandero's guidance.
Johnson and the Hopkins team say they undertook the research to try and put some rigorous scientific information into current concerns over the growing recreational use of Salvia divinorum, which is an herb in mint family.
According to the Internet, Salvia Divinorum is a plant used for its psychoactive effects: "Given the right dose, individual, set and setting, it produces a unique state of divine inebriation."
Salvia divinorum was found on sale at the Working Animal Retirement Sanctuary Charity Shop in Colwyn Bay and is reportedly the world's most potent hallucinogenic herb.
Make Salvia illegal (H 4434) - The House approved and sent to the Senate a proposal classifying Salvia Divinorum as a class C substance and making its use illegal in Massachusetts.
For example, though the federal government has not found the need to criminalize salvia divinorum, nor has more than half of our sister states, the Legislature has determined that we must add another natural herb to the list of illicit drugs and let the undermanned, underpaid justice system figure out a way to enforce it.
A loophole means Salvia Divinorum, more potent than LSD, is on sale in Tyneside shops, and there's nothing the authorities can do about it.