salvia

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Related to Salvia miltiorrhiza: ginseng, Tripterygium wilfordii, danshen root

salvia:

see sagesage,
any species of the large genus Salvia, aromatic herbs or shrubs of the family Labiatae (mint family). The common sage of herb gardens is S. officinalis, a strongly scented shrubby perennial, native from S Europe to Asia Minor.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Salvia

 

(sage), a genus of perennial herbs or subshrubs of the family Labiatae. The flowers are in false whorls, which form a spicate or panicled inflorescence. The upper lip of the corolla is helmet-shaped, straight, or crescent-shaped. There are two stamens. The flowers have a unique adaptation for cross-pollination. The fruit consists of four nutlets.

The approximately 700 species occur throughout the world, primarily in the subtropics and tropics. The USSR has about 80 species, growing mainly on dry mountain slopes. The most common species is garden sage (S. officinalis), a usually violet-flowered subshrub that grows in the Mediterranean region. In the USSR it is cultivated for medicinal and culinary purposes in Moldavia, the southern Ukraine, and Krasnodar Krai. The leaves contain essential oil, alkaloids, and tanning substances; they are used as a flavoring in the production of liqueurs and spirits and in the fish canning industry. A tincture of leaves is used medicinally as an astringent or anti-inflammatory rinse to treat inflammations of the mouth, pharynx, and larynx. Clary (S. sclarea), a perennial with pinkish lilac flowers, grows in the southern Ukraine, the Crimea, the Caucasus, and Middle Asia. It is cultivated for the essential oil contained in the inflorescences; the oil is used by the pharmaceutical, distilling, confectionery, and tobacco industries. Many species, including scarlet sage (S. splendens), S. coccinea, and garden sage, are cultivated as ornamentals.

REFERENCES

Pobedimova, E. G. “Rod Shalfei-Salvia L.” In Flora SSSR, vol. 21. Moscow-Leningrad, 1954.
Atlas lekarstvennykh rastenii SSSR. Moscow, 1962.

T. V. EGOROVA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

salvia

[′sal·vē·ə]
(materials)
The dried leaves of the sage, Salvia officinalis; contains volatile oil, resin, and tannin; used in food engineering as a flavoring agent and condiment, and in medicine as an antisecretory agent.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

salvia

any herbaceous plant or small shrub of the genus Salvia, such as the sage, grown for their medicinal or culinary properties or for ornament: family Lamiaceae (labiates)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Hong, "Antibacterial activities of cryptotanshinone and dihydrotanshinone I from a medicinal herb, Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge," Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry, vol.
Horie et al., "Ameliorating effects of compounds derived from Salvia miltiorrhiza root extract on microcirculatory disturbance and target organ injury by ischemia and reperfusion," Pharmacology & Therapeutics, vol.
for 3 days), a lipophilic diterpenoid occurring in the radix of Salvia miltiorrhiza, administered 5 minutes before ischemiareperfusion by bilateral common carotid artery occlusion, corrected the reduced BDNF immunoreactivity in the CA1 of ischemic Mongolian gerbils [136].
Protection on myocardial ischemia and reperfusion injury by Salvia miltiorrhiza hairy root in isolated Langendorff rat hearts (In Chinese).
"Comparison of microwave-assisted extraction and conventional extraction techniques for the extraction of tanshinones from Salvia miltiorrhiza bunge," Biochem.
Lien, "Preclinical and clinical examinations of Salvia miltiorrhiza and its tanshinones in ischemic conditions," Chinese Medicine, vol.
Effect of cadmium in the soil on growth, secondary metabolites and metal uptake in Salvia miltiorrhiza. Toxicological & Environmental Chemistry, v.95, n.9, p.1525-1538, 2013.
Salvia miltiorrhiza, commonly known as Chinese sage or red sage, is a plant used in Chinese medicine for treatment of cardiovascular disorders.
(4.) Matkowski A, Zielin'ska S, Oszmian'ski J, Lamer-Zarawska E, Antioxidant activity of extracts from leaves and roots of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge., S.
Background: Tanshinone IIA (Tan), the main active component of Salvia miltiorrhiza, has been demonstrated to have antioxidant activity.
Several studies have found that Danshen, or Salvia miltiorrhiza, can reduce pressure in the arteries.