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river, SE Asia: see ThanlwinThanlwin
or Salween
, Chin. Nu Jiang, Tibetan Chiama Ngu Chu, river of SE Asia, c.1,750 mi (2,820 km) long, rising in E Tibet region of China, and flowing SE through Yunnan prov.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(in Chinese, Na Ch’ü and Nu Chiang), a river in China and Burma; for a short distance it is a border between Burma and Thailand. The Salween is 2,820 km long and drains an area of approximately 325,000 sq km. Originating in the glaciers of the Tanghla Range in the eastern part of the Tibetan Highlands, it flows for some distance over the Yunnan and Shan highlands, where it has formed gorges up to 3,000 m deep. The lower Salween flows over a plain; there are shoals and bars near the river’s mouth. The Salween empties through two branches into the Andaman Sea.

The upper Salween is fed primarily by snow, and the middle and lower Salween by rain. The Salween has a monsoon regime; during summer flash floods, the water level in the gorges rises by 20–27 m in places. The mean annual flow rate near the mouth is approximately 6,700 cu m per sec.

The Salween is used to float timber. It is navigable in certain sections. The Burmese seaport of Moulmein is at the mouth of the Salween.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


a river in SW Asia, rising in the Tibetan Plateau and flowing east and south through SW China and Myanmar to the Gulf of Martaban. Length: 2400 km (1500 miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The 'Caor' is generally taken to be the Brahmaputra, or the river paralleling it to the south, the Meghna; the 'Pegu' runs through the Pegu kingdom in southern Burma (Myanmar) and is the Irrawaddy; and 'Martaban' is named for a kingdom and town on the southern coast of Burma through which the Salween River runs.
Earlier on Tuesday, Prime Minister Modi presented a reproduction of an 1841 map of a stretch of the River Salween and a sculpture of Bodhi tree to President of Myanmar U Htin Kyaw.
TAR is the main donor to some major cross-border rivers in the region including the Yellow River, Yangtze, Mekong, Salween, Brahamputra, Indus, and Sutlej.
China's Tibetan plateau, nestled in the Himalayas, is the source of Asia's 10 major river systems, including the Yellow, Yangtze, Indus, Sutlej, Brahmaputra, Salween, and Mekong.
It has also targeted the Yarlung Tsangpo (Brahmaputra), the Arun, the Indus, the Sutlej, the Irtysh, the Illy, the Amur and the Salween. These rivers flow into India, Nepal, Kazakhstan, Russia or Myanmar.
MMSEA is home to a major section of Southeast Asia's last remaining tropical and sub-tropical forests and many ecological important species, harbouring some of the world's most precious biotic resources and represents the upper watersheds of international rivers that include the Mekong, the Red River, the Salween, Chao Phrya, and Irrawady (Rerkasem et al.
The first of its kind, the atlas offers a comprehensive, regional understanding of the changing climate and its impact on water resources in five of the major river basins in the region the Indus, Brahmaputra, Ganges, Salween and Mekong.
Not only the figurehead from the Norwegian vessel Salween, wrecked in 1895, was salvaged.
The Chin and Kachin hills along with the Salween district (today part of the Karen state) were ruled indirectly and known as the Frontier Areas.
Major Asian rivers originating from the Himalayas, namely the Indus, Ganges, Brahmaputra, Salween, Mekong, Yangtze and Huang are the main source of water for 2 billion people in the region (IPCC 2007b).
Tom McLay has secured a grant to fund a 1,749-mile expedition along the length of the Salween river from its source in China to its end in Burma before the area is swamped for hydroelectric power.