Salzburg Alps

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Salzburg Alps

 

mountains of the Eastern Alps in Austria and the Federal Republic of Germany. Maximum altitude, 2,996 m (Dachstein). The Salzburg Alps, formed primarily of limestone and shale, are characterized by deeply pitted slopes and sharp crests. There are many picturesque lakes in this region, including the Hallstätter See, Toplitzsee, Attersee, and Traunsee. One of Europe’s largest caves, the Eisriesenwelt, is located on the Tennen massif of the Salzburg Alps. Spruce and beech forests grow on the lower slopes; alpine and subalpine meadows are found at elevations above 1,400 and 1,600 m. Salt, bauxite, copper, and iron ore are mined. A hydroelectric power plant is located in the Salzburg Alps. The region, the site of several health resorts (for example, Inzell in the FRG), is a tourist center.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.