Samuel Colt

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Samuel Colt
BirthplaceHartford, Connecticut, United States
Inventor, industrialist, businessman

Colt, Samuel,

1814–62, American inventor, b. Hartford, Conn. In 1835–36, he patented a revolving-breech pistol and founded at Paterson, N.J., the Patent Arms Company, which failed in 1842. An order for 1,000 revolvers from the U.S. government in 1847 in the Mexican War made possible the reestablishment of his business. He later built the Colt's Patent Fire-Arms Manufacturing Company factory at Hartford. Colt also invented a submarine battery used in harbor defense and a submarine telegraph cable. His revolving-breech pistol became so popular that the word Colt was sometimes used as a generic term for the revolver.


See biography by W. B. Edwards (1953).

Colt, Samuel


Born July 19, 1814, in Hartford, Conn.; died there Jan. 10, 1862. American gunsmith.

Colt founded a plant and a company for the production of small arms. Colt’s first revolver, invented in 1835, was an improved version of the previous systems of cylinder arms and revolvers. Colt introduced a system for turning the cylinder and locking it for firing. Subsequently Colt’s firm developed various models of small arms, such as an automatic pistol (1911) and a revolver (1917).


“Samuel’ Kol’t.” Artilleriiskii zhurnal, 1868, no. 1.

Colt, Samuel

(1814–62) inventor, manufacturer; born in Hartford, Conn. An indifferent student, he worked in his father's dye and bleaching establishment (1824–27, 1831–32) and was sent away to sea (1830–31). While at sea, he made a wooden model of an automatically revolving breech pistol and on returning to the U.S.A. he made metal models. To support his work he went on a tour as "Dr. Coult," lecturing on the marvels of chemistry. By 1836 he had patents on his pistol in England, France, and the U.S.A. and began to manufacture them in Paterson, N.J. His factory was one of the most innovative in its use of mass-production technique, and the Colt "six shooter" caught on with individuals—especially in the American West—but not with the U.S. Army. The company failed in 1842. Colt turned his attention to developing underwater mines and telegraph cable. When the Mexican War began (1846), the army placed an order for 1,000 revolvers; he had to subcontract the work to Eli Whitney's factory (in Whitneyville, Conn.) but by 1848 he was making the revolver in his own grand factory in Hartford, Conn. He directed Colt's Patent Fire Arms Manufacturing Company until his death.
References in periodicals archive ?
The wide array of sixguns we have today comes from the vision of three men, namely Sam Colt, Daniel Wesson and Bill Ruger.
In an offhand way, maybe it's not quite as much of a misnomer as one may think, as Sam Colt supposedly got his idea for his revolver from studying a ship's wheel when he was serving as a sailor.
Sam Colt reasoned that a gun that you can hit with would be in more demand than one that you couldn't hit with, so he made his pistols as single actions.
The primary, most easily recognized difference is the "Sam Colt" signature engraved on the backstrap of almost every 3rd Generation Signature Series gun.
The legend says, in 1830, Sam Colt got his idea for a revolving pistol from watching a ship's wheel, and how it could be locked into place.
Colt's Manufacturing marked the 200th birthday of Sam Colt in July, and used a Facebook giveaway to celebrate.
It was at this point in the emotionally-charged piece that 1 thought of the old saying; "God created mankind, but Sam Colt made them equal."
After all, back then not every cap-and-ball revolver ever made by Colt was simultaneously available for purchase, but today we can choose from almost every one of Sam Colt's wheelguns, starting with his very first offering: the 1836 Paterson.
And a firearm -- Sam Colt said it best 6 it's the great equalizer.
You're also probably aware of the skill that goes into making a reliable weapon--the same quality that's defined American firearms since Sam Colt first patented his six-shot revolver back in the 1830s.
Stock is Ivory carved with a fleur-de-lis border and scrimshawed with an Armsmear Crest on the left side and a young Sam Colt carving the first wooden revolver parts on the right side.
Notable people associated with it include dictionary author Noah Webster, inventor Sam Colt, financier J.P.