Sambia


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Sambia

(dreams)

Among the Sambia, a hunting and horticultural people living in the Eastern Highlands Province of Papua New Guinea, dreams bear upon ritual by providing explicit instructions that are followed by initiates in order to head off impending attacks. More generally, many aspects of Sambia social interaction are characterized by a watchfulness and a suspiciousness necessary to anticipate attacks. This type of social paranoia inhibits and frames dream experiences, as well as regulates the sharing of them and their interpretations. Among the most typical dreams, which generally refer to the same images and themes, are the dream experiences of feeling cheated or disgusted, being chased by malevolent people, being threatened with drowning, or seeing a raging fire.

Dreams are regarded as experiences, occurring during sleep, in which the soul leaves the body. The soul takes thought with it, leaves the body empty, and visits various places. The dream world exists parallel to this one. Thus, dream reports are viewed as narratives of events. All dream images are supernatural because they occur not to the person but to the soul, for whose actions the person is not responsible.

The principal setting in which dreams are shared is the residence where a person sleeps. Another typical context for dream sharing is a healing ceremony in which shamans, who are the mediators between the secular and the spiritual worlds, perform dream rituals. Another context is initiation rituals, where dreams are shared by elders and shamans and where dream interpretations for ritual secrets are taught. Other settings are public or secret storytelling sessions, during gossip and rumor exchanges, and during hunting, trading, or gardening trips.

Dreams are influenced by social status factors such as sex, age, and ritual standing. Thus, men generally share dreams more often than women, and older people report more dreams than younger individuals do, even though children’s nightmares are regarded as threatening enough to be shared. Dreams are usually shared by the Sambia because they have been part of their basic experience since childhood. However, most dreams are forgotten after awakening, and only significant and troubling dreams are remembered and shared. Accounts of these dreams often become very stylized and stereotyped. If they are shared in public contexts, they may become an important part of public cultural knowledge.

Dream interpretation may reveal bad omens about future events, and sometimes reinterpretations of past dreams make it seem they foretold correctly what happened. The Sambia generally seek dream interpretation when they are beginning new or risky ventures, as well as to relieve the anxiety and troubling feeling associated with some dreams.

The Dream Encyclopedia, Second Edition © 2009 Visible Ink Press®. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
These countries are China, Vietnam, Hungary, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Czech Republic, Latvia, Moldova, Mongolia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Sambia, South Africa, and Ukraine.
The Sambia of Papua New Guinea were 'sexual' long before they lived with modernity.
Summary: Kolkata (West Bengal) [India], Jan 30 (ANI): A city court on Wednesday acquitted Sambia Sohrab, son of a former RJD leader, of the charges of killing Air Force corporal Abhimanyu Gaud by ramming his car into him during the parade rehearsals for the Republic Day celebrations in 2016.
We provide the R package sambia so that readers can easily apply the methods presented here to their data.
Today, amber is known to exist in a 2-m-thick layer of silty sands on the Sambia Peninsula in the Kaliningrad area of Russia, at a depth of 10 m below the present sea level.
which unmistakeably absorbed influences emenating from the Sambia Peninsula-based culture.
Semba zone is divided into Skalva (Skalvonia), Nadruva (Nardivia), IE Semba (Sambia).
Sambia peninsula was considered as a seismically quiet region and therefore the earthquakes occurred on September 21, 2004 in the territory of Russian Kaliningrad enclave concerned big attention of seismologists and mass media.
Finalmente, el 28 de julio de 1243, por la iniciativa del papa Inocencio IV, el legado pontificio Guillermo de Modena establecio cuatro diocesis en Prusia y en la tierra de Chefmno: Pomerania, Warmia, Sambia y Chelmno.
Aruna Sambia, chairman of a civil group in Dungu, told AFP that the dead included three members of one family, reports Capital FM.
This includes analysis and comparison of the initiation rites, ceremonies, secret societies, social life, customs and attitudes of the Gebusi, Duna, Ipili, Enga, Hagen, Sambia, Ankave, Kamea and Omie peoples.