Semiramis

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Semiramis

(sĕmĭr`əmĭs), mythical Assyrian queen, noted for her beauty and wisdom. She was reputed to have conquered many lands and founded the city of Babylon. After a long and prosperous reign she vanished from earth in the shape of a dove and was thereafter worshiped as a deity, acquiring many of the characteristics of the goddess IshtarIshtar
, ancient fertility deity, the most widely worshiped goddess in Babylonian and Assyrian religion. She was worshiped under various names and forms. Most important as a mother goddess and as a goddess of love, Ishtar was the source of all the generative powers in nature and
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. The historical figure behind this legend is probably Sammuramat, who acted as regent of Assyria from 810 to 805 B.C.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Semiramis

 

(also Sammu-ramat, Shamiram). Queen of Assyria. Wife of King Samshi-adad V and mother of Adad-nirari III; regent during Adad-nirari’s minority (810–806 B.C). Semi-ramis waged wars, chiefly in Media. She was known under the name of Sammu-ramat in Assyria and was first mentioned in classical literature as Semiramis in a work by the Greek writer Ctesias (fifth-early fourth century B.C). Semiramis is thought to have commissioned the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, one of the Seven Wonders of the World. Known as Shamiram in Armenian literature, Semiramis is mentioned in a work of the Armenian historian Movses Khorenatsi (fifth-early sixth century A.D).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Semiramis

warrior-queen founded Babylon; legendary conqueror, identified with the goddess Ishtar. [Asiatic Hist.: EB (1963) XX, 315]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Semiramis

the legendary founder of Babylon and wife of Ninus, king of Assyria, which she ruled with great skill after his death
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005