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sample piece of needlework or embroidery, of silk, cotton, or worsted, for the preservation of some pattern or as an example of the ability of a child or a beginner. In museums and private collections there are samplers dating from as early as 1643. It was long the custom for each young girl to work her own sampler as soon as her needlework showed a proper degree of skill. Certain features of the sampler remained constant—the name of the maker, the date, the alphabet, texts from Scripture, proverbs or bits of verse, and a conventional border framing the whole.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a device for obtaining samples from bulk, semi-liquid, and liquid materials for testing purposes. A widely used sampler is a tube with a tapered end and a lengthwise slot that permits sampling of all the layers of a material as the sampler is rotated. Subsurface samplers are used to sample oil, water, and gas from boreholes; they preserve the pressure of the sample removed from a given depth. Circulating and nonrinsing subsurface samplers feature slow sampling into a piston intake chamber. Valves may be actuated by inertial devices, timing mechanisms, hydraulic relays, and power devices.

In the USSR, subsurface samplers are designed for average (up to 30 meganewtons/m2) and high (up to 100 mega-newtons/m2) pressures at operating temperatures up to 70° and 250°C, respectively. The intake chamber capacity is approximately 300 cm3, and the weight of the device is 4–10 kg.


Pribory i apparatura dlia issledovaniia nefti i gaza v plastovykh usloviiakh. Moscow, 1965.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


(control systems)
A device, used in sampled-data control systems, whose output is a series of impulses at regular intervals in time; the height of each impulse equals the value of the continuous input signal at the instant of the impulse.
A mechanical or other device designed to obtain small samples of materials for analysis; used in biology, chemistry, and geology.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


Music a recording comprising a collection of tracks from other albums, intended to stimulate interest in the featured products
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Samplers are hugely popular with collectors and you'll find a range on sale this weekend
In Brazil, double-tube samplers are obligatory in all bulk storage units (Brasil, 2011).
Samplers may have begun as needlework samples of different lettering styles; they also became a place to demonstrate one's skills and individuality, to announce one's presence and agency.
Samplers for hair care and hair styling products need to accommodate different types of products with different viscosities, in different sizes.
The sampler, which will be auctioned today, was worked by Celia Bell in red cross stitch on a linen background showing the alphabet and illustrated with an elephant, a cow, a cockerel, a steam engine, flags, a crown, love hearts, houses and a bible.
The variance analysis did not detect significant differences between the total number of individuals collected by the different samplers (Table 2), regardless of possible differences in the areas sampled using the Van Veen grab (0.042 [m.sup.2]) and the prototype trawler attached to the net (7 cm in diameter-area of 0.00384 [m.sup.2]).
The lower ability of SAS sampler to enumerate airborne fungi in comparison to other types of air samplers was also observed in other studies [15,16,30,31].
In conclusion, using the samplers described in this paper and applying the quantification described here, researchers have a powerful tool to obtain more precise results from the lotic macroalgal communities.
Main problem has been solved in the work: it presents a complex study of impact of individual factors length of diffusive samplers, impregnation ground, absorbing solution, ambient temperature and humidity.