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Samson,in the Bible, judge of Israel. His long hair was a symbol of his vows to God, and because of this covenant Samson was strong. The enemies of his people, the Philistines, accomplished his destruction through the woman Delilah. By cutting his hair she forced him to break his vow and thus destroyed his might. Captured and blinded and chained in the temple of the Philistines, he regained his strength as his hair grew long again, and with his bare hands he pulled down the temple, destroying himself along with his enemies. The Samson cycle was probably drawn from popular oral folk tales and may be a myth connected with the cult of sun worship. Milton's Samson Agonistes is a celebrated English poem on the blinded Samson.
(in Hebrew Shimshon, presumably from shemesh, “sun”), in biblical mythology a hero to whom supernatural physical strength and bravery were ascribed.
Samson performed many exploits in fighting against the Philistines—for example, he slew 1,000 of the enemy and stole the gates of the city of Gaza. He fell into enemy hands as a result of the treachery of the Philistine woman Delilah, who cut off Samson’s hair, the source of his magic strength. While in captivity, Samson’s hair grew back, and his former strength returned to him. When the Philistines led him out to the temple of Dagon, Samson used all his strength to topple the pillars supporting the building, and the temple came crashing down. Samson perished along with his enemies.