Samsun

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Samsun

(sämso͞on`), city (1990 pop. 301,412), capital of Samsun prov., N Turkey, on the Black Sea. The most important Turkish port on the Black Sea, it is also a major tobacco-processing center and an agricultural market. Textiles, tobacco, and fertilizer are exported. The ancient Amisus, it was founded (6th cent. B.C.) by Greek colonists, became an important city of the kingdom of Pontus, and was much favored under the Roman Empire. In the Middle Ages it was held by the Byzantines, the Seljuk Turks, the Genoese, and the empire of Trebizond before falling (14th cent.) to the Ottoman Turks. On May 19, 1919, Kemal Atatürk landed at Samsun to organize a nationalist movement in Turkey. A statue commemorates this event.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Samsun

 

a city in northern Turkey and administrative center of Samsun Vilayet. Population, 134,300(1970).

Samsun is a port on Samsun Bay of the Black Sea; freight turnover was 1.5 million tons in 1973. Tobacco, grain, wool, and fruit are shipped out through the port. The city is a railroad and highway junction, and it has an airport. Samsun is the center of a large tobacco-growing region; it is a distribution center for imported goods. Industry includes tobacco, food, chemicals, production of mineral fertilizers, and fishing. Samsun was founded in the sixth century B.C. and was originally called Amisus.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Samsun

a port in N Turkey, on the Black Sea. Pop.: 395 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
glutinosa chromosome in Holmes Samsoun to estimate the relative amounts of N.
Aberrant segregation of TMV resistance in progeny derived from crosses with the chromosome substitution line, Holmes Samsoun, agreed with previously reported observations (Gerstel, 1945).
Screening of 160 AFLP primer combinations on DNA from Holmes Samsoun, and a bulk of DNA from three TM[V.sup.S] genotypes involved in the development of Holmes Samsoun, revealed 266 bands that were tentatively assigned as AFLP markers specific to the N.
The 12 accessions, Holmes Samsoun, and several cultivars selected to represent U.S.
glutinosa marker present in Holmes Samsoun and that segregates independently of the N-carrying chromosome in this accession.
The derivation of the accessions evaluated in this research and their possible relationship to Holmes Samsoun is not known.
Although published information is limited, Holmes Samsoun is believed to have been the source of resistance in these early cultivars, and it is reasonable to assume that all U.S.