Samuel Chase

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Chase, Samuel,

1741–1811, political leader in the American Revolution, signer of the Declaration of Independence, associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1796–1811), b. Somerset co., Md. A lawyer, he participated in pre-Revolutionary activities and was a delegate to the First and Second Continental Congresses. In 1776 he was appointed, together with Benjamin FranklinFranklin, Benjamin,
1706–90, American statesman, printer, scientist, and writer, b. Boston. The only American of the colonial period to earn a European reputation as a natural philosopher, he is best remembered in the United States as a patriot and diplomat.
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 and Charles CarrollCarroll, Charles,
1737–1832, political leader in the American Revolution, signer of the Declaration of Independence, b. Annapolis, Md. After completing his education in France and England, he returned home (1765) and his father gave him a large estate near Frederick, Md.
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 of Carrollton, to win Canada over to the Revolutionary cause, but the plan failed. Chase helped to influence Maryland opinion to support independence from Great Britain. Although he opposed adoption of the U.S. Constitution, he later became a strong Federalist and President Washington appointed him (1796) to the U.S. Supreme Court. A series of brilliant and influential decisions established his leadership in the court until he was eclipsed by the rising genius of John MarshallMarshall, John,
1755–1835, American jurist, 4th chief justice of the United States (1801–35), b. Virginia. Early Life

The eldest of 15 children, John Marshall was born in a log cabin on the Virginia frontier (today in Fauquier co., Va.
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. Chase was impeached (1804) by the U.S. House of Representatives for discrimination on the bench against Jeffersonians. Tried before the Senate (1805), he was found not guilty. This verdict discouraged further attempts to impeach justices for purely political reasons.
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Chase, Samuel

(1741–1811) Supreme Court justice; born in Somerset County, Md. A member of the Continental Congress and a signer of the Declaration of Independence, President Washington named him to the U.S. Supreme Court in 1796. President Jefferson attempted to impeach Chase because of his independent stance (1804), but Congress rejected the proposition in a move that secured the strength of the judiciary.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
References in periodicals archive ?
Even in the hallowed US Supreme Court, Justice Samuel Chase remains the only judge ever to have faced impeachment following complaints against him.
Only one Supreme Court justice, Samuel Chase, has been impeached.
The eighteenth-century impeachment trial of US Supreme Court Justice Samuel Chase, for example, is classified by the author as fraud and corruption, which seems an odd placement for the politically intemperate but morally unexceptional justice.
history, Bell said, noting Justice Samuel Chase who was impeached in 1804 because some in the U.S.
COALE, Samuel Chase. The Entanglements of Nathaniel Hawthorne: Haunted Minds and Ambiguous Approaches.
Samuel Chase Coale's essay on Hawthorne's artistic renderings and staging of places from the Old Manse to Rome shows Hawthorne's growing sense of geographical spaces embodying historical meaning.
Chase was, indeed, a Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, but it was after 1864, more than 50 years after Samuel Chase was an Associate Justice.
At the end of his tenure as vice president, Burr presided over the impeachment trial of Justice Samuel Chase. Isenberg's description of this episode, like much of her treatment of legal and constitutional matters, leaves something to be desired.
He presided over the impeachment proceedings against Supreme Court justice Samuel Chase with distinction, and delivered a farewell address to the Senate so touching that there was "a solemn and silent weeping for perhaps five minutes" after he finished.
(8) This comparative model, which along with Lincoln, includes Samuel Chase, the ambitious Ohio Governor; Edwin Bates, a content Missouri elder and statesman; William Seward, longtime New York Senator; and Edwin Stanton, a prominent lawyer; sets out to examine each of these men, using the characteristics of each as a mirror to reflect and compare the traits of the others.
Ackerman also discusses Jefferson's failed attempt to impeach Supreme Court Justice Samuel Chase (1805) and Jefferson's nominees for the Supreme Court.
Samuel Chase Coale's main subjects are Joan Didion, Don DeLillo, Thomas Pynchon, and Toni Morrison, though he begins with some timely objections to Dan Brown's The Da Vinci Code (2003).