Samuel Colt

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Related to Samuel Colt: John Moses Browning, Mikhail Kalashnikov
Samuel Colt
BirthplaceHartford, Connecticut, United States
Inventor, industrialist, businessman

Colt, Samuel,

1814–62, American inventor, b. Hartford, Conn. In 1835–36, he patented a revolving-breech pistol and founded at Paterson, N.J., the Patent Arms Company, which failed in 1842. An order for 1,000 revolvers from the U.S. government in 1847 in the Mexican War made possible the reestablishment of his business. He later built the Colt's Patent Fire-Arms Manufacturing Company factory at Hartford. Colt also invented a submarine battery used in harbor defense and a submarine telegraph cable. His revolving-breech pistol became so popular that the word Colt was sometimes used as a generic term for the revolver.


See biography by W. B. Edwards (1953); J. Rasenberger, Sam Colt and the Six-Shooter That Changed America (2020).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Colt, Samuel


Born July 19, 1814, in Hartford, Conn.; died there Jan. 10, 1862. American gunsmith.

Colt founded a plant and a company for the production of small arms. Colt’s first revolver, invented in 1835, was an improved version of the previous systems of cylinder arms and revolvers. Colt introduced a system for turning the cylinder and locking it for firing. Subsequently Colt’s firm developed various models of small arms, such as an automatic pistol (1911) and a revolver (1917).


“Samuel’ Kol’t.” Artilleriiskii zhurnal, 1868, no. 1.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Colt, Samuel

(1814–62) inventor, manufacturer; born in Hartford, Conn. An indifferent student, he worked in his father's dye and bleaching establishment (1824–27, 1831–32) and was sent away to sea (1830–31). While at sea, he made a wooden model of an automatically revolving breech pistol and on returning to the U.S.A. he made metal models. To support his work he went on a tour as "Dr. Coult," lecturing on the marvels of chemistry. By 1836 he had patents on his pistol in England, France, and the U.S.A. and began to manufacture them in Paterson, N.J. His factory was one of the most innovative in its use of mass-production technique, and the Colt "six shooter" caught on with individuals—especially in the American West—but not with the U.S. Army. The company failed in 1842. Colt turned his attention to developing underwater mines and telegraph cable. When the Mexican War began (1846), the army placed an order for 1,000 revolvers; he had to subcontract the work to Eli Whitney's factory (in Whitneyville, Conn.) but by 1848 he was making the revolver in his own grand factory in Hartford, Conn. He directed Colt's Patent Fire Arms Manufacturing Company until his death.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
References in periodicals archive ?
Australia has not had an equivalent of Samuel Colt. The SALW manufacturing sector is now very small (it was much larger when arming Australia for war).
Moreover, they could easily destroy the "high curtain walls and flanking towers" that had traditionally defended castles, and Twain takes care to note that the "towered and battlemented" castle occupied by August and his fellow printers is appropriately "mouldering." (41) Because it was so effective, the "essential technology" of this cannon was still employed as late as 1850, when warfare was once more revolutionized by the inventions of Samuel Colt and Richard Gatling.
Some claim Samuel Colt was left-handed, but he died (in 1862) long before the SAA was introduced.
In 1831, 16-year-old Samuel Colt ultimately came up with a design that would transform the firearm industry and the American West.
Samuel Colt, inventor of the famous Colt .45 revolver, began a series of experiments to develop a submarine battery for detonating underwater mines.
Those two Sams were Samuel Colt and Samuel Walker respectively.
To celebrate the sesquicentennial of Samuel Colt birthday, the Colt Industries company made up 1,000 revolvers, which were elegantly sed and engraved to varying degrees, and offered them as presentation models.
Samuel Colt introduced his first Paterson percussion revolvers in 1837.
The nomination for the Coltsville Historic District expands upon the existing Samuel Colt Home (Armsmear) National Historic Landmark, which was designated in 1966.
Porter also invented the revolving pistol chamber, which he also sold for $100 to Samuel Colt.
1545 - The Mary Rose, pride of Henry VIII's battle fleet, sank in the Solent with the loss of 700 lives1814 - Samuel Colt, inventor of the six-shot revolver, was born.