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|Birthplace||Hartford, Connecticut, United States|
Inventor, industrialist, businessman
Colt, Samuel,1814–62, American inventor, b. Hartford, Conn. In 1835–36, he patented a revolving-breech pistol and founded at Paterson, N.J., the Patent Arms Company, which failed in 1842. An order for 1,000 revolvers from the U.S. government in 1847 in the Mexican War made possible the reestablishment of his business. He later built the Colt's Patent Fire-Arms Manufacturing Company factory at Hartford. Colt also invented a submarine battery used in harbor defense and a submarine telegraph cable. His revolving-breech pistol became so popular that the word Colt was sometimes used as a generic term for the revolver.
See biography by W. B. Edwards (1953); J. Rasenberger, Sam Colt and the Six-Shooter That Changed America (2020).
Born July 19, 1814, in Hartford, Conn.; died there Jan. 10, 1862. American gunsmith.
Colt founded a plant and a company for the production of small arms. Colt’s first revolver, invented in 1835, was an improved version of the previous systems of cylinder arms and revolvers. Colt introduced a system for turning the cylinder and locking it for firing. Subsequently Colt’s firm developed various models of small arms, such as an automatic pistol (1911) and a revolver (1917).