Samuel Crompton

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Related to Samuel Crompton: James Watt, Richard Arkwright
Samuel Crompton
Birthplace10 Firwood Fold, Bolton, Lancashire, England
Inventor, pioneer of the spinning industry
Known for Spinning mule

Crompton, Samuel,

1753–1827, English inventor of the mule spinner, or muslin wheel, an important step in the development of fine cotton spinning. Working as a young man in a spinning mill, he knew the defects of the Hargreaves jenny and determined to produce something better. After five years of secret work, he perfected (1779) a machine that combined the features of the jenny and Arkwright's frame and that, in one operation, by drawing, twisting, and winding the cotton, produced a very fine yarn. Crompton, however, was too poor to obtain a patent for his invention and sold his rights for £60. Later Parliament granted him £5,000.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Crompton, Samuel


Born Dec. 3, 1753, in Firwood, near Bolton, Lancashire; died June 26, 1827, in Bolton. English inventor in textile manufature.

Crompton was born into a peasant family engaged, in particular, in the textile trade. After losing his father at a young age, Crompton began to work as a spinner and weaver. In 1779 he invented the spinning mule, which played a large role in advancing the industry by spinning a finer thread than existing machines.


Tseitlin, E. A. Samuel’ Krompton i razvitie miul’ mashiny. Moscow-Leningrad, 1940.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The retired painter and decorator from Stockbridge Village believes he is related to the industrialist Samuel Crompton, who invented the spinning wheel.
Further inventions, such as Samuel Crompton's Spinning Mule of 1779, helped the cotton trade continue to develop more rapidly than any other industry of its time in spite of the general economic depression and the American War of Independence.
Samuel Slater had come to America with a thorough understanding of the new machinery invented in Britain by Richard Arkwright, Samuel Crompton, and James Hargreaves.