Samuel David Gross
Also found in: Medical.
Gross, Samuel David,1805–84, American surgeon, b. near Easton, Pa., M.D. Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, 1828. He taught at the medical colleges of several universities and at Jefferson from 1856. He made outstanding contributions to his profession as teacher of pathological anatomy and surgery; as inventor of surgical instruments and techniques; as author of Elements of Pathological Anatomy (1839), A System of Surgery (1859), and other works; and as a founder of the American Medical Association.
See his autobiography (1887).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
Gross, Samuel David(1805–84) surgeon, author; born near Easton, Pa. After taking his M.D. from Jefferson Medical College (Philadelphia), he set up practice in Philadelphia; he translated and wrote several important works on anatomy and surgery. He went on to teach at Cincinnati Medical College and the University of Louisville before returning to Jefferson Medical College as professor of surgery (1856–82). He had an international reputation as both a teacher and practitioner of surgery, and he continued to be a prolific author; several of his texts were classics, among them Elements of Pathological Anatomy (1839) and System of Surgery, Pathological, Diagnostic, Therapeutic and Operative (1859). His specialties included operations for bladder stone and intestinal wounds; he invented new techniques and instruments. He was one of the founders and most influential members of the American Medical Association (1847). Thomas Eakins portrayed him in a famous painting, The Clinic of Dr. Gross (1875).
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.