Samuel Finley Breese Morse

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Morse, Samuel Finley Breese


born Apr. 27, 1791, in Charlestown, Mass.; died Apr. 2, 1872, in New York. American painter and inventor in the field of telegraphy.

Morse painted historical scenes and formal portraits. He was one of the founders and the first president (1826–45) of the National Academy of Design in New York. In 1837 he invented an electromagnetic telegraph apparatus. In 1838 he developed a telegraph code, called the Morse code, which is still in use. Telegraph apparatus developed by Morse was used in the first commercial telegraph line in America, between Washington and Baltimore (1844).


Kamenskii, A. V. Edison i Morze. St. Petersburg, 1900.
Wilson, M. Amerikanskie uchenye i izobretateli. Moscow, 1964. (Translated from English.)
“Centennial of Morse Telegraph.” Railway Age, 1944, vol. 116, no. 23, pp. 1070–74.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Part of this grant will go towards preserving items from the Alexander Graham Bell Family Collection and the Samuel F. B. Morse Collection, including Bell's sketch of the first telephone and Morse's first telegraphic message.