Samuel Abraham Goudsmit

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Goudsmit, Samuel Abraham


Born July 11, 1902, in The Hague. American physicist.

Goudsmit studied at the universities of Leiden and Amsterdam. From 1927 to 1946 he taught at the University of Michigan (from 1932 as a professor). He worked at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology from 1941 to 1944 and was a professor at Northwestern University from 1946 to 1948. Since 1948 he has been working at Brookhaven National Laboratories. Goudsmit formulated a concept of electron spin in 1925 with G. E. Uhlenbeck.


The Structure of Line Spectra. New York, 1930. (With L. Pauling.) Atomic Energy-States as Derived From the Analysis of the Line Spectra. New York, 1932. (With R. F. Bacher.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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But there is a lively battle scene when Colonel Robert Furman (Pearce) leads Berg and Professor Samuel Goudsmit (Giamatti) on a mission to nab an Italian scientist as the US Fifth Army presses toward Rome.
Intertwining history and science, this biography of Dutch physicist Samuel Goudsmit draws on archival material, correspondence, and the papers of his daughter Esther Goudsmit.
Among those who faced exclusion by the anti-Semitic laws were Albert Einstein, Max Born, Eugene Wigner, James Franck, Hans Bethe, Felix Bloch, Rudolf Peierls, Lise Meitner, and Samuel Goudsmit. Many of these names are now attached to physical laws, institutes, awards, and chemical elements.