Samuel Noah Kramer

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Kramer, Samuel Noah


Born Sept. 28, 1897, in the city of Zhashkov. American Orientalist and Sumerologist.

Born in Russia, Kramer and his family moved to the USA in 1906. In the 1930’s, 1940’s and 1950’s he participated in archaeological excavations in Iraq and conducted epigraphic research in the museums of Baghdad, Istanbul, and elsewhere. He was the first to investigate and translate the most important Sumerian myths, epics, and other literary texts, as well as law codes of Ur-Nammu and Lipit-Ishtar and tablets with cuneiform minuscule symbols. In 1957 and 1960 he visited the USSR and published a Sumerian cuneiform tablet with a literary text from the collection of the A. S. Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts (Two Elegies on a Tablet From the A. S. Pushkin Museum: A New Sumerian Literary Genre, 1960).


The Sumerian Mythology. New York, 1961.
Mythologies of the Ancient World. New York, 1961.
The Sunerians: Their History, Culture, and Character. Chicago-London, 1967.
The Sacred Marriage Rite. London, 1969.
In Russian translation:
Istoriia nachinaetsia v Shumere. Moscow, 1965.


D’iakonov, I. M. “Novye dannye o shumerskoi kul’ture.” In Vestnik drevnei istorii, 1947, no. 2.


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Smith, Maura Ann McBreen, Sarah Winston, Kevin Coon, Christopher Guldberg, Alan Harvey, Paul Hibbert, Samuel Kramer, Richard Lipton, Sylwia Lis, Patricia McDonald, Jose Moran, Craig Roeder, Richard Saines, Carole Spink, Daniel DeDeo, Elizabeth Ebersole, John Fedele, Daniel Firger, Omar Galaria, Alexandre Lamy, Marisa Martin, Brook Mestre, Michael Poland, Ryan Vann, Andrew Warmus, Jessica Wicha, Brian Zurawski, Vivianne Knierim, James Looney and Clarisa Bonilla .
El arqueologo cuneiformista, Samuel Kramer, nos ubica en la actualidad y nos invita ir del presente--del templo en ruinas, de los descubrimientos de las tablillas--al pasado, cuando sucedio la historia.
In September 1943, Yank, a servicemen's magazine, carried as an illustration a V-Mail to Corporal Samuel Kramer. He had written in, 'Dear Yank: I desire to lay claim to having received the shortest V-Mail ever received...' It read: 'Mr Kramer: Go To Hell!