Samuel Maharero


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Maharero, Samuel

 

Years of birth and death unknown. Supreme chief of the Herero tribes in Southwest Africa (Namibia) from 1891 to 1904. The first years of Maharero’s rule, after the German colonial administration made him head of the Herero, were marked by collaboration with the colonialists. However, the cruel regime of the German authorities and the oppressions to which the Africans were subjected forced Maharero to come out in defense of the interests of his people and to head a rebellion against the colonialists (the Herero and Hottentot Uprising of 1904-07). After a battle near Waterberg (August 1904), Maharero fled with some of his surviving tribesmen to Bechuanaland.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Red Flag Day, also known as Otjiserandu Day, marks the remembrance of the life of Chief Samuel Maharero and the great struggle against Germany troops.
The German administration recognises Samuel Maharero in return for his collaboration as Paramount Chief of the different Ovaherero clans, a hitherto unknown position.
Following an order by Samuel Maharero, Ovaherero make a surprise attack and kill some 120-150 German farmers for encroachment on their land.
The Ovaherero under Chief Samuel Maharero retreat east through the semi-desert Omaheke to reach Bechuanaland (today Botswana).
It is alleged that members of the OtjikaTjamuaha Royal House attempted to lite the holy fire at the premises owned by OTA to commemorate the Red Flag Day in remembrance of the late Chief of Ovaherero people Samuel Maharero, but they were intercepted by members of OTA who attacked them, destroyed their flag and other properties.
Angry about the Hereros' submission to German control, the Nama chief Hendrik Witbooi wrote to his long-time enemy, the Herero leader, Samuel Maharero, taunting him: "I learn ...
The Herero leader, Samuel Maharero, was openly favoured by the colonial government, whereas the Mbandjeru chief, Nikodemus, was continuously reminded that he was only chief under German conditions and that he could easily be removed from this position.
On the eve of the Herero uprising in 1904, their chief Samuel Maharero wrote to the Nama chief, Hendrik Witbooi: "All our obedience and patience with the Germans is of little avail, for each day they shoot someone dead for no reason at all.
The Germans had not expected an uprising, especially initiated by their long-term ally Samuel Maharero. The news of a Herero rising spread quickly.
It is alleged that members of the Otjikatjamuaha Royal House made way to the premises by cutting open the fence of the property belonging to the OTA to commemorate the Red Flag Day in remembrance of Chief Samuel Maharero whose remains were repatriated from Botswana on 23 August 1923.
Chief Samuel Maharero's palace was situated at Okahandja.