Red Flag Day, also known as Otjiserandu Day, marks the remembrance of the life of Chief Samuel Maharero
and the great struggle against Germany troops.
The German administration recognises Samuel Maharero in return for his collaboration as Paramount Chief of the different Ovaherero clans, a hitherto unknown position.
Following an order by Samuel Maharero, Ovaherero make a surprise attack and kill some 120-150 German farmers for encroachment on their land.
The Ovaherero under Chief Samuel Maharero retreat east through the semi-desert Omaheke to reach Bechuanaland (today Botswana).
It is alleged that members of the OtjikaTjamuaha Royal House attempted to lite the holy fire at the premises owned by OTA to commemorate the Red Flag Day in remembrance of the late Chief of Ovaherero people Samuel Maharero
, but they were intercepted by members of OTA who attacked them, destroyed their flag and other properties.
Angry about the Hereros' submission to German control, the Nama chief Hendrik Witbooi wrote to his long-time enemy, the Herero leader, Samuel Maharero, taunting him: "I learn ...
The Herero leader, Samuel Maharero, was openly favoured by the colonial government, whereas the Mbandjeru chief, Nikodemus, was continuously reminded that he was only chief under German conditions and that he could easily be removed from this position.
On the eve of the Herero uprising in 1904, their chief Samuel Maharero wrote to the Nama chief, Hendrik Witbooi: "All our obedience and patience with the Germans is of little avail, for each day they shoot someone dead for no reason at all.
The Germans had not expected an uprising, especially initiated by their long-term ally Samuel Maharero. The news of a Herero rising spread quickly.
It is alleged that members of the Otjikatjamuaha Royal House made way to the premises by cutting open the fence of the property belonging to the OTA to commemorate the Red Flag Day in remembrance of Chief Samuel Maharero
whose remains were repatriated from Botswana on 23 August 1923.
On the day, Samuel Maharero
was summoned to Windhoek for consultations with Leutwein, after some discussions, it was refreshments time and an exchange of drinks ensued.
Chief Samuel Maharero
's palace was situated at Okahandja.