He was pained and astonished to learn that Samuel Maherero (the "paramount chief" created by the Germans) had forsaken Germany and her unlimited supplies of rum for the purpose of going into rebellion, and that not only was Samuel a rebel, but he was the leader, the life and soul of the movement.
I am the Chief, Samuel Maherero." (Note: the names are suppressed by the German printers of Rohrbach's book in which this letter is printed in full).
Samuel Maherero and several leading chiefs gathered their cattle and sheep and made a wild dash through the Kalahari Desert with a view to seeking British protection.
It was only when German intrigue and German policy thrust the ineligible Samuel Maherero into power, merely to use him as their willing tool, as paramount chief of all the Hereros, that the customs of the people were violated, their tenderest feelings outraged.
He went to Okahandja and on 6 December 1894 drew up an agreement for "Chief-Captain Samuel Maherero" to sign, whereby the whole southern boundary of Hereroland from Swakopmund to Gobabis was defined.
Samuel Maherero was not recognised by his fellow chiefs.
He entered into an agreement (which must have been secret and private, as it cannot be found in the records at Windhuk) with Samuel Maherero whereby the German Government would impound "all the herds of Hereto cattle found trespassing over the boundaries".
The native chiefs disputed Samuel Maherero's right to fix their boundary lines, and they were legally correct in this attitude.