Samuel von Pufendorf

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Pufendorf, Samuel von

 

Born Jan. 8, 1632, in Dorf-chemnitz; died Oct. 2, 1694, in Berlin. Representative of the 17th-century Enlightenment in Germany.

Pufendorf taught at a number of Western European universities and occupied the first chair of natural law in Europe, which was established at the University of Heidelberg. He lived in Sweden for many years, where he taught at the University of Lund.

Pufendorf accepted the concepts of natural law elaborated by H. Grotius and T. Hobbes, but he interpreted these concepts from the point of view of the German bourgeoisie, which was incapable of waging a decisive struggle against feudalism. He spoke out against theological scholasticism and against intervention by the church in affairs of state, and he criticized the “Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation.” At the same time, however, he justified the existence of absolutism and considered slavery and serfdom to be legitimate phenomena. Pufendorf is the author of many works on jurisprudence and history. Most of them were written in Latin and later translated into various European languages.

WORKS

Elementorum jurisprudence universalis libri duo. The Hague, 1660.
De jure naturae et gentium, libri octo. Lund, 1672.
In Russian translation:
Vvedenie v istoriiu evropeiskuiu. … St. Petersburg, 1718 (reissued, St. Petersburg, 1723).
O dolzhnosti cheloveka i grazhdanina po zakonu estestvennomu …. St. Petersburg, 1726.

REFERENCE

Istoriia politicheskikh uchenii. Moscow, 1960. Pages238–42.
References in periodicals archive ?
BEYOND THESE INTRODUCTORY LEGAL texts, there were scores of other books that explicated the law of nature specifically, including the works of Hugo Grotius, Samuel Pufendorf, John Locke, and the others whom Hamilton had commended to Bishop Seabury on the eve of the American Revolution.
Por tanto, para Samuel Pufendorf las realidades morales tienen una autonomia completa.
O jusnaturalismo racionalista, como ficou conhecido, se expandiu principalmente a partir das obras de Samuel Pufendorf (1632-1694), De Iure Naturae et Gentium, de 1672, e De officio hominis et civis iuxta legem naturalem, de 1673 (5).
El tercer capitulo confronta dos formas de entender las promesas, la de teoricos de la ley natural como Tomas de Aquino, Hugo Grocio o Samuel Pufendorf y la de Hume para quien las promesas tienen un origen convencional cuya finalidad ultima es la de facilitar la cooperacion social (p.
Chapters nine, ten, and eleven argue that the ethical works of Samuel Pufendorf, J.
2 Samuel Pufendorf, The Elements of Universal Jurisprudence 283 (William A.
And he soon indicates the essence of the original case for the right to bear arms--the case made by Enlightenment thinkers such as Samuel Pufendorf, John Locke, and America's founders.
4 on 'The Natural Jurisprudence Tradition That Smith Drew on and Extended', which looks essentially at Smith's indebtedness to Samuel Pufendorf and John Locke and, to a lesser extent, to Thomas Hobbes and Hugo Grotius.
While developments in eighteenth-century diplomacy and statecraft formed a crucial context for Vattel's reception and reconstruction of the law of nature and nations, his normative programme predominantly grows out of the secularizing humanist constructions of natural law articulated by Alberico Gentili, Hugo Grotius, Thomas Hobbes, and Samuel Pufendorf, especially in its application to international relations.
Mas tarde, el autor aleman, Samuel Pufendorf, continuador de esta tradicion de pensamiento, se hacia eco del peligro de esta importante limitacion al principio de exclusividad inherente a la propiedad privada.
The new critical edition in English: Samuel Pufendorf, the whole duty of man According to the Law of Nature (Ian Hunter & David Saunders eds.
John Locke was certainly influential, but Hulliung maintains that theorists such as Samuel Pufendorf and Hugo Grotius were cited with frequency.