Tsvilling, Samuil Moiseevich
Born Jan. 13 (25), 1891, in Tobol’sk; died Apr. 4, 1918, in the stanitsa (large cossack village) of Izobil’naia, in what is now Sol’-Iletsk Raion, Orenburg Oblast. Figure in the Russian revolutionary movement. Member of the Communist Party from 1905.
For his part in the Revolution of 1905–07, Tsvilling was condemned to death in 1907, but the sentence was commuted to a five-year prison term. Over a period beginning in late 1912 he conducted party work in Tobol’sk, Ekaterinburg (present-day Sverdlovsk), and Troitsk.
After the February Revolution of 1917, Tsvilling became a member and the chairman of the Cheliabinsk soviet and of the Cheliabinsk committee of the RSDLP(B). He was a delegate to the Sixth Congress of the RSDLP(B). In July 1917 he became a member of the Ural’sk oblast committee of the RSDLP(B). He was a delegate to the Second All-Russian Congress of the Soviets of Workers’ and Soldiers’ Deputies and took part in the October Armed Uprising in Petrograd.
In November 1917, Tsvilling went to Orenburg, where he organized Red Guard detachments for the struggle against the Dutov revolt. He also served as chairman of the Orenburg military revolutionary committee. Tsvilling was killed by White Cossacks.