San Juan Island National Historical Park

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San Juan Island National Historical Park

Address:PO Box 429
Friday Harbor, WA 98250

Size: 1,752 acres.
Established: Authorized on September 9, 1966.
Location:On San Juan Island in northwest Washington. Island is accessible via Washington State ferries from Anacortes, Washington, 83 miles north of Seattle; or from Sidney, British Columbia, 15 miles north of Victoria. Also accessible by private boat or by commercial flights from Bellingham and Seattle, Washington, to Friday Harbor. Park's two units include an English Camp, 9 miles northwest of Friday Harbor, and an American Camp, 6 miles southeast of Friday Harbor. Shuttle buses stop at both camps daily during the summer season with an abbreviated schedule during spring and fall.
Facilities:Picnic area, rest rooms (é), visitor center (é), museum/exhibit, self-guided tour/trail (é).
Activities:Hiking, living history programs, guided nature walks, bird-watching.
Special Features:Park marks the historic events on the island from 1853 to 1872 in connection with final settlement of the Oregon Territory's northern boundary, including the so-called Pig War of 1859. As the largest tract of public land on San Juan Island, the park includes more than six miles of public shoreline and is also a primary destination of hikers with a network of trails exploring woodlands, prairie and uplands. As a stop along the Pacific flyway, the park also provides temporary homes for more than 200 species of migratory birds.

See other parks in Washington.
Parks Directory of the United States, 5th Edition. © 2007 by Omnigraphics, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The national parks in Washington include Ebey's Landing National Historical Reserve, Lake Chelan National Recreation Area, Lake Roosevelt National Recreation Area, Mount Rainier National Park, North Cascades National Park, Olympic National Park, Ross Lake National Recreation Area, San Juan Island National Historical Park, and Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park--Seattle, as well as the main unit of Fort Vancouver National Historic Site, and parts of Lewis and Clark National Historical Park, Nez Perce National Historical Park, Minidoka National Historic Site, and Manhattan Project National Historical Park.
The places surveyed are Olympic National Park, a place of temperate rain forests, waterfalls, and hiking trails; San Juan Island National Historical Park, a preserved slice of what "Oregon Territory" used to be like; Ebey's Landing National Historical Reserve, where rural farming and fishing are still practiced; Fort Vancouver National Historic Site, a place that beckons explorers and modern-day warriors; Whitman Mission National Historic Site, which commemorates the turning point of westward expansion in America's history; and North Cascades National Park Service Complex, a breathtaking hiker's paradise filled with waterfalls, glaciers, and mountain peaks.
Archaeologists summarize the excavations in a forested shell midden in the San Juan Island National Historical Park near the shore of Garrison Bay and adjacent to the glaciated upland.
"It was a real crisis," says Mike Vouri, chief of interpretation at San Juan Island National Historical Park. "They could have started shooting at any moment."
Today, San Juan Island National Historical Park has preserved the major sites of "the Pig Scrape," as it was then called.
San Juan Island National Historical Park is one of the best places in the world to see resident orcas or "killer whales" from shore.
The conflict, which is interpreted by park employees at San Juan Island National Historical Park, authorized in 1966, was the final land dispute between England and the United States in the new world.

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