San Salvador


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San Salvador

(sän sälväthōr`), city (1993 pop. 402,448), central El Salvador, capital and largest city of the country. It is the center of El Salvador's trade and communications. Beer, tobacco products, clothing, textiles, and soap are produced there. Built on the volcanic slope that parallels the Pacific coast (nearby is San Salvador volcano, 6,211 ft/1,893 m), the city has suffered from recurrent and severe earthquakes and has been frequently rebuilt. The most disastrous quake (1854) led to the founding of Nueva San SalvadorNueva San Salvador
or Santa Tecla
, city (1993 est. pop. 96,113), central El Salvador. It was founded in 1854 after the capital, San Salvador, was destroyed in an earthquake. San Salvador, 9 mi (14.5 km) away, was rebuilt, and Nueva San Salvador became a wealthy suburb.
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; the last earthquake occurred in 1986, resulting in significant damage to the city. San Salvador is high enough to escape the excessive heat of the tropics but has a year-round summer climate. It has several fine parks, broad avenues, and modern houses (particularly in outlying sections). Among the city's most visited sites is a memorial (2003) to those who died or disappeared during the country's 12-year civil war. San Salvador was founded early in the 16th cent. and for a time (1831–38) was the capital of the Central American FederationCentral American Federation
or Central American Union,
political confederation (1825–38) of the republics of Central America—Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Salvador.
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. San Salvador has experienced rapid population growth that has strained its economy.

San Salvador,

island of the BahamasBahamas, the
, officially Commonwealth of the Bahamas, independent nation (2015 est. pop. 387,000), 4,403 sq mi (11,404 sq km), in the Atlantic Ocean, consisting of some 700 islands and islets and about 2,400 cays, beginning c.50 mi (80 km) off SE Florida and extending c.
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, West Indies. Many historians believe that it was the first land sighted by Columbus in the New World in 1492. The indigenous population called it Guanahani, and it has also been named Watling or Watlings Island. It was formerly confused with what is now known as Cat Island.

San Salvador

 

the capital of El Salvador and the country’s economic and cultural center. San Salvador is a railroad and highway junction, situated on the Pan American Highway; it lies in the valley of the Hamacas River, at the base of San Salvador volcano, at an altitude of about 700 m. The climate is tropical. The average temperature in December is 22°C, and in April (the hottest month), 24.6°C. The average annual precipitation is 1,788 mm. Area, 80 sq km. Population, 550,000 (1975, including suburbs).

San Salvador was founded in April 1525 by Spanish conquistadores. After El Salvador declared its independence in 1821, San Salvador became the country’s capital. Since the early 20th century, San Salvador has been a center of workers’ struggles and the scene of large demonstrations, especially in 1932, 1944, 1946, and 1960.

San Salvador’s industries account for more than one-quarter of the country’s entire industrial production. The city has a textile industry; large factories produce cotton fabrics and henequen coffee bags. It also has food and condiments and metal-working industries.

After earthquakes in 1798, 1854, 1873, and 1965, San Salvador has been rebuilt several times, always in a regular pattern, with broad, straight streets and large parks. Most residential buildings are one or two stories high and made of wood or reinforced concrete. Since the mid-20th century, high-rise hotels, banks, and office buildings have appeared; the buildings of the university are done in a strictly rational style. Slums lie on the city’s outskirts.

San Salvador’s architectural monuments include two churches from the colonial period: the churches of St. Joseph (1783) and Jesus Christ (1785). Bolívar Plaza and Bolívar Park, with its National Palace (1902–07), occupy the city center. San Salvador has the National Theater and Presidential Theater (plays, operas, and ballets and concerts of the State Symphony Orchestra) and the University Theater. It also has a conservatory.

San Salvador

Bahamian island, Columbus’s first landfall in his discovery of America. [Am. Hist.: Benét, 214]

San Salvador

the capital of El Salvador, situated in the SW central part: became capital in 1841; ruined by earthquakes in 1854 and 1873; university (1841). Pop.: 1 472 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Devotees from Davao Oriental and elsewhere have made San Salvador del Mundo Church one of their must-see destinations during the annual 'Panaw-Duaw' (pilgrimage) each year, Dela Pena said.
From there, they flew to Panama City and then to San Salvador.
1978) in a 1:100 000 scale; after that, the geological mapping was only limited to some areas, for example the 1:15 000 scale map of a sector of San Salvador (Centro de Investigaciones Geotecnicas, 1987) and the geological map 1:50 000 made for a seismic zoning after the 1986 earthquake (Consorcio, 1988).
The company has announced that for year 2011, guests at Hilton Princess San Salvador hotel, Hilton Princess San Pedro Sula hotel and Hilton Princess Managua hotel, will be able to access a main VIP Lounge in the San Salvador airport.
It then went on display at a national museum in San Salvador and is currently travelling to universities and cultural centers throughout the country.
They can improve income, help to build a credit history, generate savings and help build financial stability," says Vanessa Vizcarra, MFI's Latin America regional manager in San Salvador.
He was ordained a priest at Gregorian University in Rome in 1942 and in 1977 he was chosen as archbishop of San Salvador, El Salvador's capital.
The Iraqi people can find much to admire in El Salvador's recent history," Rumsfeld said in San Salvador on November 11, 2004.
But Urioste encountered the new archbishop a short while afterward when he was leaving the grounds of the seminary in San Salvador as Romero was arriving.
Rome--It has been 25 years since 62-year-old Archbishop Oscar Romero of San Salvador was gunned down as he celebrated Mass in a hospital chapel.
Passengers from London and Paris may be carefully scrutinized--in fact steps have recently been taken to make sure they are--but just imagine what the security is like in San Salvador, Guatemala City, or Tegucigalpa?

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