Sanai

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Sanai

 

(also Abu al-Majd Majdud ibn Adam). Born 1070 in Ghazni; died there circa 1140. Persian and Tadzhik poet.

Sanai was the creator of the genre of didactic religious poetry, which expounds dogma and illustrates it with parables and anecdotes drawn from history and daily life. Until about the age of 40, Sanai lived in various cities of Khorasan, writing panegyrics and works of a hedonistic character, including verses and the long narrative poem Tale of Balkh (c. 1105). After undergoing a religious conversion, he wrote a long poem entitled The Journey of the Servants to the Place of Return. In 1125 he returned to Ghazni, and in 1131 he wrote his major work, The Garden of Truth, a long, didactic religious poem, which served as a model for many later poets, including Nizami Ganjevi. Sa-nai’s works reflect some of the teachings of moderate Sufism. His utterances against tyranny are worthy of note. Sanai’s poetry contains elements of the mannered rhetorical style, later developed in many Eastern literatures.

REFERENCES

Bertel’s, E. E. Istoriiapersidsko-tadzhikskoi literatury. Moscow, 1960.
Nikitina, V. B. “Literatura Irana.” In Literatura Vostoka v srednie veka, part 2. Moscow, 1970.
References in periodicals archive ?
The reference to national myths and prophets has a long history in the works of poets of Iran, where poets such as Roodaki, Ferdowsi, Unsori, Khaghani, Nezami, Sana'i, Attar, Rumi, Sa'di, Hafez and others have referred to national and religious stories in their poetry due to specific reasons (Poornamardian 2006:54).
As a large portion of the oeuvre of poets such as Sana'i, Sa'di and Hafez is on mundane topics, they cannot be characterized as mystics in the way that one would characterize Abu Sa'id, Najm al-Din Razi or Farid al-Din Attar as mystic poets.
The sermons also include quotations from poems of Sana'i, 'Attar, and other poets, including Rumi himself.
(817/1414-898/1492), and Abu'l-Majd Majdud Sana'i (d.
Sana'i's The Hidden Garden of Ultimate Reality and the
The famous panegyric Sufi poet, Abu'l Maid Majdud Sana'i (d.
Sa'id Nafisi ('Tehran: Kitabkhane-yi Sana'i, 1335 AH solar), p.
He drew inspiration from the Persian epic poets Ferdowsi and Sana'i. The first poem in the group is the didactic Makhzan al-asrar (The Treasury of Mysteries), the second the romantic epic Khosrow o-Shirin ("Khosrow and Shirin").
Sufism in his view was "essentially a system of verification- a spiritual method by which the ego realizes as fact what intellect has understood as theory."82 Iqbal would visit the shrines of saints to obtain their blessings; thus there is record of his visiting the shrines of Nizam al-Din Awliya, Shaykh al-Hujwiri, Shah MuHammad Ghauth, Shaykh AHmad Sirhindi, Hakim Sana'i and the shrine of the father of Shaykh al- Hujwiri.83
1209), or the even more celebrated line of Persian spiritual poets linking Sana'i (d.
Sana';ipseudonym of Abu al-Majd or Abu'l-Majd) Majdud Sana'i (d.
Sana'i's best-known work is the Hadiqat al-haqiqahwa shari`h;at at-tariqah ("The Garden of Truth and the Law of the Path").