Sancho I

(redirected from Sancho the Founder)

Sancho I

(Sancho Ramírez) (sän`chō rämē`rĕth), 1045?–1094, king of AragónAragón
, autonomous community (2011 pop. 1,344,509), 18,425 sq mi (47,720 sq km), and former kingdom, NE Spain, bordered on the N by France. Land and People
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 (1063–94) and, as Sancho V, king of NavarreNavarre
, Span. Navarra , autonomous community and province (2011 pop. 640,129), 4,012 sq mi (10,391 sq km), N Spain, bordering on France, between the W Pyrenees and the Ebro River. Pamplona is the capital.
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 (1076–94); son and successor of Ramiro IRamiro I
, d. 1063, first king of Aragón (1035–63), illegitimate son of Sancho III of Navarre, from whom he inherited Aragón. After the death of his half-brother Gonzalo he annexed Sobrarbe and Ribagorza and fought unsuccessfully against the Moorish king of
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. He continued the war against the Moors and at the death of Sancho IV of Navarre was proclaimed king of Navarre. He died in the siege of Huesca. Peter IPeter I,
d. 1104, king of Aragón and Navarre (1094–1104), son and successor of Sancho I. He continued the fight against the Moors, taking (1096) Huesca and recapturing (1100) Barbastro. His brother Alfonso I succeeded him.
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 succeeded him.

Sancho I

(sän`cho͞o), c.1154–1211, king of Portugal (1185–1211), son and successor of Alfonso IAlfonso I,
1109?–1185, first king of Portugal, son of Henry of Burgundy. After his father's death (1112), his mother, Countess Teresa, ruled the county of Portugal with the help of her Spanish lover, Fernando Pérez.
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. He was associated in his father's government from c.1170. Sancho undertook to restore and repeople the lands devastated in the wars against the Moors; thus he became known as Sancho o Povoador [Sancho the settler or populator]. Early successes against the Moors in Algarve were canceled by new Moorish attacks. He was succeeded by his son Alfonso IIAlfonso II
(Alfonso the Fat), 1185–1223, king of Portugal (1211–23), son and successor of Sancho I. His reign was spent in struggles with the church and his brothers and sisters, to whom his father had left many of his estates.
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.