Sanguisorba


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Related to Sanguisorba: Sanguisorba officinalis
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Sanguisorba

 

a genus of plants of the family Rosaceae. Members are perennial herbs and very rarely semishrubs and shrubs with pinnate leaves. The blossoms are small and arranged in a dense capitate or spike-shaped inflorescence; the perianth consists of four sepals; the fruit is nutlike. There are approximately 30 species in the temperate zone of the northern hemisphere.

There are ten to 12 species in the USSR. Sanguisorba officinalis (greater salad burnet), a plant reaching 100 cm, with a purple inflorescence, is widely distributed. It grows along meadows, thickets, and forest borders. The rootstocks and roots contain tannins and other substances. Infusions and a liquid extract (with 70 percent alcohol) of the rootstock and roots are used as astringent and hemostatic agents in cases of diarrhea, hemoptysis, and (sometimes) uterine hemorrhages. Greater salad burnet is a fodder plant.

Some species of Sanguisorba are cultivated as ornamentals. A number of its species are sometimes assigned to the genus Poterium. Poterium polygamum, also called sheep’s grass in Russian, grows in the southern European USSR and in the Caucasus; it is sometimes cultivated as a pasture and hay plant.

REFERENCE

Atlas lekarstvennykh rastenii SSSR. Moscow, 1962.

T. V. EGOROVA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Grow this wildlifefriendly plant with other late flowering perennials such as sanguisorbas, rudbeckias and echinaceas.
There are several species of Sanguisorba -- all with similar growing requirements.
The present study was conducted to evaluate the effect of different doses of the Sanguisorba officinalis tannin extract (SOTE) on in vitro methane production, rumen microorganisms and basic rumen fermentation parameters.
" " Ceratocephalus falcate (L.) Rosaceae Sanguisorba minor scop Solanaceae Datura stramonium L.
Beauty Ingredients: Japanese elm, blue honeysuckle berry, Greater Burnet (Sanguisorba officinalis), Organic C02 Extracted sea buckthorn oil, black currant, jackfruit, yumberry, persimmon, purple sweet potato, Chinese yam, cili fruit, pomegranate seed oil, okra, cucumber
Yang et al., "Inhibitory effect of Sanguisorba officinalis ethanol extract on NO and PGE2 production is mediated by suppression of NF-[kappa]B and AP-1 activation signaling cascade," Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol.
viscosissimum 2.7 [+ or -] 0.9 3.5 [+ or -] 0.5 Ranunculus uncinatus 0.3 [+ or -] 0.0 Sanguisorba annua Taraxacum spp.
Several plants like Sanguisorba officinalis, Rosa chinensis, Milletia dielsania, Polygonum cuspidatum, Caesalpinia sappan, and Sophora japonica have been shown to have high antioxidant activities and total phenolic contents, and thus can play a role in the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases (Gan et al., 2010).