Sanhedrin


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Related to Sanhedrin: Caiaphas, Sadducees, Pharisees

Sanhedrin

(sănhĕd`rĭn), ancient Jewish legal and religious institution in Jerusalem that appears to have exercised the functions of a court between c.63 B.C. and c.A.D. 68. The accounts of it in the Mishna do not correspond to those in Josephus or in the New Testament. Rabbinic sources generally portray it as a body of Torah scholars presided over by the leader of the Pharisees. Greek sources view it as an aristocratic council led by the high priest. Some sources describe a body of 71 members, others of 23 members. Some scholars maintain that there probably were two Sanhedrins—one political and civil, and the Great Sanhedrin, purely religious. In 1807, Napoleon appointed a "French Sanhedrin" of 71 members, made up of both rabbis and laymen, to consider the relationship between Jews and the state.

Bibliography

See H. Mantel, Studies in the History of the Sanhedrin (1961).

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Sanhedrin

Judaism
1. the supreme judicial, ecclesiastical, and administrative council of the Jews in New Testament times, having 71 members
2. a similar tribunal of 23 members having less important functions and authority
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
This means that the Seder night could never occur on a Thursday night, unless Jesus were in a place where two nights of Passover were observed, which was done in areas outside of riding distance from the Sanhedrin, according to the Talmud.
One key passage in the Talmud that explains some of the rules of intercalation is found on TB Sanhedrin 11b.
(1) In the sections that follow, I will make a brief description on the historical review between the views on "charisma and office; to later explain the terms of Sanhedrin, elders-presbuteros and bishops-episkopos in their social context as foundation for a postcolonial reading of Acts 21, and a final conclusion.
(115) See Rashi, commenting on the BABYLONIAN TALMUD, Sanhedrin 73b (s.v.
The Sanhedrin referred his case to the Roman authority, which alone, at that time, had the authority to impose the penalty of death on any of its subjects.
Since Christians generally first become aware of the Sanhedrin in the context of Jesus arrest, it can seem like this power machine leaped from the shadows wholly formed.
We might thus assume that the Gamaliel in Acts must have been the sage known as Rabban Gamaliel, the grandson of Hillel, who had been elected the nasi of the Sanhedrin according to the Talmud.
The study focuses on chapter two of Mishnah Sanhedrin, the halakhic midrashim, and passages in the Babylonian and Palestinian Talmud that revolve around this mishnah.
(14) Maimonides derived his idea from the Talmudic rule that only the Jews living in Eretz Israel are considered Kahal, and this requirement is raised in the context of a Talmudic discussion on the authority of the Sanhedrin. The Torah states that when the whole Jewish nation sins, there is a national obligation to offer a special sacrifice:
Tanach (Hebrew Scriptures) is stringent in its prohibition of idolatry, but we should also pay attention both to the debates in Avodah Zarah about one's comportment with forms of idolatry as well as Rabbi Akiva's pronouncement in the Jerusalem Talmud's Sanhedrin (approx.
Four "favorite" topics of Jewish scholars serve as apt prisms for revealing such underlying dynamics: Jesus' Last Supper as a Passover meal, his Sanhedrin trial, his "blasphemy" verdict, and his pairing with Barabbas.
O paham na fuasai Sanhedrin blaenllaw ac enwog ein cenedl wedi codi ei llais ynglyen 'r fath sefyllfa drist?