(shän'ləo͞or`fä), formerly


(o͞or`fä), city (1990 pop. 278,516), capital of Şanlıurfa prov., SE Turkey. It is the trade center for a productive agricultural region and one of the most rapidly growing cities in Turkey due to its position in the midst of a large-scale irrigation development, with significant textile-related industries. The city was called EdessaEdessa
, ancient city of Mesopotamia, on the site of modern Şanlıurfa, Turkey. It emerged in the 4th cent. B.C. as Orrhoe, or Arrhoe, and was later named Edessa by Seleucus I of Syria. From c.137 B.C. it was the capital of the independent kingdom of Osroene.
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 until its incorporation in the Ottoman Empire in 1637. Its once large Christian population—mostly Armenian—suffered severe massacres in the late 19th cent. Göbekli TepeGöbekli Tepe,
Neolithic site in SE Turkey, c. 9 mi (15 km) NE of Şanlıurfa, that dates to c.11,000 B.C. or earlier. Although previously known, it was first recognized as a Neolithic site in 1994 by German archaeologist Klaus Schmidt, who began excavating there the
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, a Neolithic archaeological site, is to the northeast.
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References in periodicals archive ?
delegation arrived in the southern Turkish province of Sanliurfa on Monday to work on the establishment of the operations centre.
In a statement, the ministry said efforts are ongoing for the Joint Operations Center to enter service in the province of Sanliurfa, southeastern Turkey, as part of the safe zone in in northern Syria planned in coordination with the US.
domestica) populations (Ankara, Antalya, Gaziantep and Sanliurfa) in laboratory conditions.
According to TUIK, the southern province of Sanliurfa, in terms of the share of children in the total number of population, is leading among Turkish provinces.
(1) Sanliurfa Training and Research Hospital, Clinic of General Surgery, Sanliurfa, Turkiye
Clinic of Urology, Sanliurfa Training and Research Hospital, Sanliurfa, Turkey
AK Party workers -- including MP Ibrahim Halil Yildiz -- campaigning on Thursday were attacked by an armed group in Sanliurfa's Suruc district, leaving four people dead and eight injured, Anadolu reported.
Instead, customers where given a tour of Gaziantep and Sanliurfa on a bus.
Kurdish refugees from the Syrian town of Kobani sit in front of their tents in a camp in the southeastern town of Suruc, Sanliurfa province, October 5, 2014.
Summary: Sanliurfa [Turkey], August 22 (ANI): Another U.S.
(1) Department of Genetics, Sanliurfa Training and Research Hospital, Sanliurfa, Turkey