Sansculotte


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Sansculotte

 

(French, literally “without breeches”), a term used during the French Revolution. Originally the aristocrats used the term to refer contemptuously to their political opponents—representatives of the urban poor—who wore long trousers of coarse material in contrast to the nobility and bourgeoisie, who wore breeches with silk stockings. Later, particularly during the Jacobin dictatorship, people used the term to designate themselves as patriots and revolutionaries.

REFERENCE

Soboul, A. Parizhskie sankiuloty vo vremia iakobinskoi diktatury. Moscow, 1966. (Translated from French.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Both works depict terrified families fleeing Paris, but whereas Radcliffe's Pierre de la Motte is a gambler and swindler who sneaks out of the capital with his wife to escape legal prosecution, Robinson's de Sevracs run away to avoid being executed by sansculottes.
John Bull's acceptance of reform is equated with the surrender of his roast beef, plum pudding and porter to three unctuous and seedy sansculottes who address him with courtly politeness, but then offer him frogs to eat, before they attack him and trample him underfoot.
The huge, finished drawing, completed in 1791, depicts a liberty-capped sansculotte sneaking into the Revolutionary scene.
Causes of the Ventose crisis begin in disputes over the use of sansculotte officers to conduct the war in the Vendee.
2157-62) that shows butchery of every type, including a man running a woman through with a pike, children walking about with decapitated heads, and a woman holding a fan who looks at severed body parts as a sansculotte defecates on the principal part, a male torso.
The letter, a denunciation worthy of a sansculotte, deserves to be quoted at length.
They construed the Revolution as the work of the people of the time, the sansculottes, and the workers as the sans-culottes of the 1930s.
Si en La condicion humana el analisis sobre la centralidad de las necesidades vitales en la modernidad se concentra en la figura del homo laborans, en Sobre la revolucion la ocupacion progresiva de la vida biologica en la escena de la Revolucion francesa la llevaron a cabo los sansculottes, los "desfavorecidos de la fortuna", la "multitud de los pobres", "el pueblo" y las "masas anonimas" (pp.
In the foreground of James Gillray's Anti-Jacobin cartoon "The New Morality," Charles Lamb and Charles Lloyd, caricatured as "Toad & Frog" and surrounded by Liberty Caps and Sansculottes, croak out passages from their 1797 collection Blank Verse.
No sansculottes screaming for blood, no cold-minded Bolsheviks lurking in the shadows, no Ayatollahs dictating their actions in the name of God.
The riots of 12-13 germinal III had threatening sansculottes overtones, which inspired the Convention to abandon its procedural scruples and simply to decree retribution.
Across the Pyrenees, the muscadins of the Thermidorian were often decoiffes by sansculottes on the street --a symbolic beheading of sorts.