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Santa Fe,city (1991 pop. 341,000), capital of Santa Fe prov., NE Argentina, a river port near the Paraná, with which it is connected by canal. On the eastern margin of the Pampa (see under pampaspampas
, wide, flat, grassy plains of temperate S South America, c.300,000 sq mi (777,000 sq km), particularly in Argentina and extending into Uruguay. Although the region gradually rises to the west, it appears mostly level. Precipitation decreases from east to west.
..... Click the link for more information. ), it is an important shipping point for the agricultural products of much of NW Argentina. The city also has some industry. Founded by the Spanish conquistador Juan de GarayGaray, Juan de
, c.1528–1583, Spanish conquistador, refounder of Buenos Aires. He went to Peru (1544) in the train of the first viceroy, Blasco Núñez Vela, and was active against Gonzalo Pizarro in the civil war.
..... Click the link for more information. (1573), Santa Fe was the site of the promulgation of the 1853 Argentine constitution. There are several notable churches and a national university.
Santa Fe(săn`tə fā), city (1990 pop. 55,859), alt. c.7,000 ft (2,130 m), state capital and seat of Santa Fe co., N N.Mex., at the foot of the Sangre de Cristo Mts. It is an administrative, tourist, resort, and cultural center and a shipping point for farm products and Native American wares. There is printing and publishing, food processing, and the manufacture of furniture, machinery, clothing and textiles, and building materials.
Founded c.1609 by the Spanish on the site of prehistoric Native American ruins, it became a center of Spanish trade with local ethnic groups. A seat of government since its founding, it is the oldest capital city in the United States. In the Pueblo revolt of 1680, the Spanish colonists were driven out; in 1692 they returned under Diego de Vargas. Shortly after Mexico gained independence from Spain (1821), extensive commerce with the United States developed by way of the Santa Fe TrailSanta Fe Trail,
important caravan route of the W United States, extending c.780 mi (1,260 km) from Independence, Mo., SW to Santa Fe, N.Mex. Independence and Westport, Mo., were the chief points where wagons, teams, and supplies were obtained.
..... Click the link for more information. . In 1846, the region became a U.S. territory. The railroad reached Lamy (the station for Santa Fe, 16 mi/26 km distant) in 1879.
The seat of an archbishopric since 1875, the city, with its many churches, is a Roman Catholic center. Points of interest are the Palace of the Governors (c.1610), which houses a state museum; the Laboratory of Anthropology, with a museum of Spanish colonial art; museums of international folk art, Navajo ceremonial art, and contemporary Native American art; an exhibition hall for contemporary art; and a museum devoted to the artist Georgia O'KeeffeO'Keeffe, Georgia
, 1887–1986, American painter, b. Sun Prairie, Wis. After working briefly as a commercial artist in Chicago, O'Keeffe abandoned painting until she began the study of abstract design with A. W. Dow at Columbia Univ. Teachers College.
..... Click the link for more information. . There are artists' and writers' colonies and many art galleries, the Santa Fe OperaSanta Fe Opera,
summer opera festival held outside Santa Fe, N. Mex., founded 1957. Featuring outstanding young singers and musicians, it presents a wide variety of operas from the standard repertory and lesser-known works; it has also commissioned a number of contemporary works
..... Click the link for more information. in the summer, the restored Lensic Theater, St. John's College, the College of Santa Fe, a Native American school, and a state school for the deaf. The city is the headquarters for the Santa Fe National Forest and regional headquarters for the National Park Service.
a province in Argentina, in the northern Pampas. Area, 133,000 sq km. Population, 2,122,000 (1970). The capital is the city of Santa Fe. Santa Fe Province is one of the most economically developed provinces of Argentina, especially in the south, where the important industrial centers of the country are located. The food-processing industry is of primary importance and is found in the cities of Rosario and Santa Fe. Ports that export agricultural produce are also in southern Santa Fe. Grain and flax are grown. Santa Fe is also one of Argentina’s most developed regions for the raising of dairy livestock.
a city in Argentina, capital of Santa Fe Province. Population, 244,600 (1970). Santa Fe is a port on the Paraná River, at the mouth of the Salado River. Accessible to seagoing vessels, it had a freight turnover of 1.4 million tons in 1969. Santa Fe is one of the main grain-exporting ports and is a major junction for railroad lines and highways linking the Pampas with northern and northeastern Argentina. The city has slaughtering, flour-milling, footwear, wood-products, and textile industries. Quebracho extract is produced. Santa Fe has a university. The city was founded in 1573.
a city in the southwestern USA, capital of New Mexico. Population, 46,000 (1974). A commercial and transportation center, the city is also a tourist resort. Santa Fe was founded in 1609.
a maritime climatic resort on the Straits of Florida, on the outskirts of Havana, Cuba. Summers are hot, with an average July temperature of 27°C, and winters are very warm, with an average January temperature of 22°C. Precipitation totals approximately 1,500 mm annually. Santa Fe has a wide beach with fine sand; the swimming season lasts from May through September.