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the largest group among the Munda peoples of India. Concentrated chiefly in Bihar State, the Santal are also found in the western parts of Bengal and Orissa. They number approximately 4 million (1971 census) and speak Santali, a language of the Munda family. Their religion is Hinduism, but forest, mountain, and other spirits are also worshiped. The social structure of the Santal retains vestiges of primitive communal relations. Agriculture is the primary occupation, but hunting and gathering are also important. Many Santal work on plantations, in factories, in coal mines, and as dockworkers.