Medicinal plants and formulations used by the Soren clan of the Santal
tribe in Rajshahi district, Bangladesh for treatment of various ailments.
are one of the most disadvantaged and vulnerable indigenous communities in Bangladesh.
To illustrate and clarify this argument, I shall present some performative aspects of two types of possession, connected with healing powers among the Santals
in Bengal and among the Tulus of South Kanara.
Jain shows two traditional scrolls from the Santal
tribe spread in parts of central and eastern India to illustrate his point.
The language of the Santals
is Santali, a member of the Munda family of languages.
Although there is no consensus among either scholars or the Santals
themselves about their original habitat, by the mid-eighteenth century large numbers of Santals
were found in the Chotanagpur tribal belt in central India, who eventually migrated to the Rajmahal hills in the Indian state of Bihar.
23) The Santals
are a numerical dominant tribal group in West Bengal.
communities; social justice; individual strategies; modes of power; modes of resistance; legal pluralism; marginalisation;
A legal activist working on issues related to disadvantaged and displaced people, Dhagamwar explores how tribal people in her native India view government authorities, focusing on the Bhils in Maharashtra, and the Santals
and Pahadiyas in what became the state of Jharkhand in 2000.
Consider, for example, societies such as the Eskimo tribes of the North American Arctic, Pygmies in Zaire, the Yurok of North America, the Ifugao of the Philippines, the Land Dyaks of Sarawak, the Kuikuru of South America, the Kabyle Berbers of Algeria, the Massims of East Paupo-Melanesia, and the Santals
of India--none of which had governments (Leeson forthcoming).
(a shy people who live in tunnels beneath Pentre Gardens) believe that all life began when two birds were created.
Examples of such groups are the Amish in the United States, who choose a peasant society life style within a larger industrial society; the Santals
, and the Lotha in India, who choose to live somewhere between hunter-gather and horticultural societies within a larger agricultural society, which is changing to an industrial society; the Gypsy in Romania, who are closer to a nomadic pastoral society within a larger society that has recently changed from an agricultural society to a socialist industrial society and is now again undergoing a change into a capitalist industrial society; and the Maori of New Zealand, who are a minority group in New Zealand descended from a Polynesian stock.