Santal

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Santal

 

the largest group among the Munda peoples of India. Concentrated chiefly in Bihar State, the Santal are also found in the western parts of Bengal and Orissa. They number approximately 4 million (1971 census) and speak Santali, a language of the Munda family. Their religion is Hinduism, but forest, mountain, and other spirits are also worshiped. The social structure of the Santal retains vestiges of primitive communal relations. Agriculture is the primary occupation, but hunting and gathering are also important. Many Santal work on plantations, in factories, in coal mines, and as dockworkers.

REFERENCE

Narody Iuzhnoi Azii. Moscow, 1963.
References in periodicals archive ?
Therefore, the government amended the state's two important and longstanding Tenancy Acts, the Chotanagpur Tenancy Act, (CNT 1908) and Santal Parganas Tenancy Act, SPTA 1949 on Wednesday, Nov.
Medicinal plants and formulations used by the Soren clan of the Santal tribe in Rajshahi district, Bangladesh for treatment of various ailments.
the Santals are one of the most disadvantaged and vulnerable indigenous communities in Bangladesh.
To illustrate and clarify this argument, I shall present some performative aspects of two types of possession, connected with healing powers among the Santals in Bengal and among the Tulus of South Kanara.
In one of his letters written to Pearson (1922), he referred to the santal (4) women who lived near Santiniketan as the ideal of physical life.
Jain shows two traditional scrolls from the Santal tribe spread in parts of central and eastern India to illustrate his point.
The language of the Santals is Santali, a member of the Munda family of languages.
Although there is no consensus among either scholars or the Santals themselves about their original habitat, by the mid-eighteenth century large numbers of Santals were found in the Chotanagpur tribal belt in central India, who eventually migrated to the Rajmahal hills in the Indian state of Bihar.
24) Bhattacharyya seems to have used the Santals as a reference point because they are important in the literary imagination of modern Bengal.
Bodding, P O (1942) Traditions and Institutions of the Santals, Translated from the Santal: Skrefsrud, L O.
A legal activist working on issues related to disadvantaged and displaced people, Dhagamwar explores how tribal people in her native India view government authorities, focusing on the Bhils in Maharashtra, and the Santals and Pahadiyas in what became the state of Jharkhand in 2000.