Santiago de Cuba


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Santiago de Cuba

(säntyä`gō thā ko͞o`bä), city (1994 est. pop. 385,800), capital of Santiago de Cuba prov., SE Cuba. Cuba's second largest city, Santiago is situated on a cliff overlooking a bay. The city is a major port and the terminus of a major highway and railway. An oil refinery and electrical generation plants are also important to economy. Founded in 1514 by Diego de Velázquez and moved to its present site in 1588, Santiago served for some time as Cuba's capital. In its early days, it was captured by French and English buccaneers and was a center of the smuggling trade with the British West Indies. Frenchmen fleeing the slave revolt in Haiti in the early 19th cent. settled in Santiago and heavily influenced the city's development. During the Spanish-American War of 1898, U.S. ships established a blockade in Santiago's harbor; when the Spanish admiral Pascual Cervera y Topete, bottled up in the harbor, made a desperate attempt to escape, his fleet was destroyed. Heavy fighting preceded the city's surrender. Fidel CastroCastro, Fidel
(Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz) , 1926–2016, Cuban revolutionary, premier of Cuba (1959–76), president of the Council of State and of the Council of Ministers (1976–2008).
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 began his revolutionary struggle against Fulgencio Batista y ZaldívarBatista y Zaldívar, Fulgencio
, 1901–73, president of Cuba (1940–44, 1952–59). An army sergeant, Batista took part in the overthrow of Gerardo Machado in 1933 and subsequently headed the military and student junta that ousted Carlos Manuel de
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 by attacking the Moncada army garrison in Santiago on July 26, 1953. In 2012 Santiago suffered extensive damage from a hurricane. The city retains many colonial landmarks, notably its cathedral (the largest in Cuba) and the crumbling forts that stand on high cliffs above the harbor. It also has a university.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Santiago de Cuba

 

a city in southeastern Cuba; capital of the province of the same name. Population, 276,000 (1970). Santiago de Cuba is Cuba’s largest industrial center and seaport after Havana. It has a food-processing industry, which produces tobacco, spirits and cordials, sugar, and canned fish; it also has a cement industry, a textile industry, a leather and footwear industry, a chemical industry, oil refining, metalworking, and shipbuilding. It exports sugar, tobacco, rum, and coffee. Copper ores are mined in the vicinity. The University of Santiago de Cuba is in the city. Santiago de Cuba was founded in 1514.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Santiago de Cuba

a port in SE Cuba, on Santiago Bay (a large inlet of the Caribbean): capital of Cuba until 1589; university (1947); industrial centre. Pop.: 456 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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