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(both: səno͞o`sĭ), Arabic Sanusiyya, a political-religious organization in Libya and Sudan founded in Mecca in 1837 by Muhammad bin Ali al-Sanusi (1791–1859), known as the Grand Sanusi. Sanusi was concerned with both the perceived decline of Islamic thought and the weakening of the Islamic world. His call for political activism was influenced by the Wahhabi movement in Arabia, to which he eclectically added some Sufi teachings from several different Sufi orders. The Sanusi unsuccessfully fought (1902–13) French expansion in the Sahara, and in 1911 the Italian invasion of Libya forced them to concentrate there. During World War I they attacked British-occupied Egypt. A grandson of the Grand Sanusi became King Idris IIdris I,
1890–1983, king of Libya (1951–69). A grandson of the founder of the Sanusi Muslim sect, he became leader of the group in 1917. He was acknowledged (1920) by the Italians as emir of Cyrenaica but had to flee to Egypt in 1922 after quarreling with the Italian
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 of Libya in 1951. In 1969, the king was overthrown by a coup led by Colonel Muammar al-QaddafiQaddafi, Muammar al-
, 1942–2011, Libyan army officer and dictator. He graduated from the Univ. of Libya in 1963 and became an army officer in 1965. In 1969 he formed, along with a group of fellow officers, a secret revolutionary committee and led (1969) a successful coup
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. A third of the population in Libya, and fewer in Sudan, are still affiliated with the Sanusi organization.


See E. E. Evans-Pritchard, The Sanusi of Cyrenaica (1949, repr. 1963); N. A. Ziadeh, Sanusiyah (1958, repr. 1983).

References in periodicals archive ?
A spokesperson for the GMC confirmed to the ECHO that Dr Sanusi could potentially face an investigation into his involvement with the church.
We have been using this technology for years now in modern buildings, residential units and housing complexes around Asia,' Sanusi said.
Emir Sanusi said he was confident that the law would outline the real position of Islam on marriage-related issues, including the crime of domestic violence.
The Summit, will conclude this afternoon following discussion by other high-level speakers representing a diverse array of responsible finance institutions on the issues raised by HRH Emir Sanusi.
Sanusi, the emir of Kano, said that the exchange rate policy supported by president Buhari is doomed to fail.
It is the worst type of corruption, it's stealing," Sanusi told PBS.
Funds managed by Blackstone (NYSE:BX) and Black Rhino revealed on Thursday that His Highness Emir Muhammad Sanusi II will join as chairman of Black Rhino's board of directors.
Crude politics, and former Central Bank of Nigeria governor Sanusi Lamido Sanusi, form a section penned from Nigeria's political capital and power centre, Abuja.
Sanusi argued that the trial court abused its discretion in finding good cause for resale of the property.
Speaking to Chiefs of Defence staff from member states in Abuja, the Executive Secretary of the Commission, Mister Sanusi Imran Abdullahi said the money will be used to meet urgent needs of small equipment, and troop welfare in the ongoing fight against terrorism.
Abidemi Sanusi is a former human rights worker and now, author and photographer.
Some of these hitches included the initial reactions of investors to the ouster of former Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) Sanusi Lamido Sanusi by the President.