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(both: səno͞o`sĭ), Arabic Sanusiyya, a political-religious organization in Libya and Sudan founded in Mecca in 1837 by Muhammad bin Ali al-Sanusi (1791–1859), known as the Grand Sanusi. Sanusi was concerned with both the perceived decline of Islamic thought and the weakening of the Islamic world. His call for political activism was influenced by the Wahhabi movement in Arabia, to which he eclectically added some Sufi teachings from several different Sufi orders. The Sanusi unsuccessfully fought (1902–13) French expansion in the Sahara, and in 1911 the Italian invasion of Libya forced them to concentrate there. During World War I they attacked British-occupied Egypt. A grandson of the Grand Sanusi became King Idris IIdris I,
1890–1983, king of Libya (1951–69). A grandson of the founder of the Sanusi Muslim sect, he became leader of the group in 1917. He was acknowledged (1920) by the Italians as emir of Cyrenaica but had to flee to Egypt in 1922 after quarreling with the Italian
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 of Libya in 1951. In 1969, the king was overthrown by a coup led by Colonel Muammar al-QaddafiQaddafi, Muammar al-
, 1942–2011, Libyan army officer and dictator. He graduated from the Univ. of Libya in 1963 and became an army officer in 1965. In 1969 he formed, along with a group of fellow officers, a secret revolutionary committee and led (1969) a successful coup
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. A third of the population in Libya, and fewer in Sudan, are still affiliated with the Sanusi organization.


See E. E. Evans-Pritchard, The Sanusi of Cyrenaica (1949, repr. 1963); N. A. Ziadeh, Sanusiyah (1958, repr. 1983).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Sanusi alleged that the defendants with others now at large conspired to rob Mr Abimbola Osholaja of his valuables; and a sum of N1.5 million.
According to Sanusi, Harikrishnan, who was driving from Taiping to Penang, lost control of the vehicle before veering onto the road shoulder and crashing head-on into a tree.
Sanusi advised President Muhammadu Buhari's administration to cancel subsidy in petroleum and electricity tariffs if the economy must stabilize.
A spokesperson for the GMC confirmed to the ECHO that Dr Sanusi could potentially face an investigation into his involvement with the church.
Emir Sanusi said he was confident that the law would outline the real position of Islam on marriage-related issues, including the crime of domestic violence.
The Summit, will conclude this afternoon following discussion by other high-level speakers representing a diverse array of responsible finance institutions on the issues raised by HRH Emir Sanusi.
Sanusi, the emir of Kano, said that the exchange rate policy supported by president Buhari is doomed to fail.
It is the worst type of corruption, it's stealing," Sanusi told PBS.
Funds managed by Blackstone (NYSE:BX) and Black Rhino revealed on Thursday that His Highness Emir Muhammad Sanusi II will join as chairman of Black Rhino's board of directors.
Author, Abidemi Sanusi: “It is my pleasure to offer Kemi's Journal as a free ebook on Kindle.
Some of these hitches included the initial reactions of investors to the ouster of former Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) Sanusi Lamido Sanusi by the President.