Sapindaceae


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Sapindaceae

[‚sap·ən′dās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of dicotyledonous plants in the order Sapindales distinguished by mostly alternate leaves, usually one and less often two ovules per locule, and seeds lacking endosperm.

Sapindaceae

 

(soapberry), a family of dicotyledonous plants including trees, shrubs, and woody (less frequently, herbaceous) lianas. The alternate leaves are pinnate or, rarely, simple. The aromatic flowers are most often small and irregular; they are borne in terminal or axillary cymose inflorescences. There are usually five sepals and five petals. The plants are characterized by a disk that usually forms between the petals and the stamens. The gynoecium has three (sometimes two or four) carpels. The ovary is superior.

There are about 140 genera, embracing nearly 1,600 species. The plants are distributed predominantly in tropics and sub-tropics, especially in Asia and the Americas. In the USSR only a few species of the genus Koelreuteria are cultivated (as ornamentals). The bark, leaves, and fruits of soapberry plants contain a milky juice and resins. The fruits, seeds, or caruncles of many species are edible. A number of species yield a valuable lumber, and some are rich in saponins (for example, Sapindus).

References in periodicals archive ?
Conversely, the predominantly tendrillate family Sapindaceae included seven species in SDF and only four in cerradao.
Una vez mas, la familia Fabaceae presento el mayor numero de especies (29 = 14,4%), seguida de Rubiaceae (15 = 7,5%), Euphorbiaceae, Malvaceae, Moraceae y Sapindaceae (8 = 4,0%, cada una) y Bignoniaceae (7 = 3,3%) (Figura 2c).
Na area de estudo, as familias Myrtaceae, Meliaceae e Sapindaceae tambem representam maior riqueza de especies na vegetacao adulta (CAP [greater than or equal to] 30cm), sub-bosque e banco de plantulas (SCCOTI, 2012), demonstrando que a chuva de sementes e um importante mecanismo para a manutencao dessas familias na area.
Com excecao das familias Dilleniaceae, Sapindaceae e Myrtaceae, as demais familias botanicas, de uma forma geral, foram as variaveis menos relevantes na estimativa da deposicao da serapilheira na area em estudo quando comparadas as demais variaveis.
Esto coincide con lo observado en otras zonas secas del Neotropico donde las familias con mayor numero de especies, ademas de Fabaceae, son Bignoniaceae, Sapindaceae y Capparaceae en segundo y tercer lugar respectivamente (IAvH, 1998), no obstante, Mendoza (1999) incluye tambien a Euphorbiaceae y Rubiaceae; mientras que Rodriguez et al.
Simons, Sapindus mukorossi Sapindaceae Gaertn, Agroforestry Database 4 (2009).
belongs to the family Sapindaceae which includes 150 genera and approximately 2000 species.
IntroductionThe mad honey intoxication appears to be a clinical manifestation of use of grayanotoxin (GTX) isolated from the honey made by bees from the Rhododendron plant flowers mainly Ericaceae and Sapindaceae families.
Las familias con mayor incidencia de trips fueron Sapindaceae, Nyctaginaceae, Araliaceae, Esterculiaceae, Meliaceae y Rubiaceae, mientras que Borraginaceae y Flacurciaceae mostraron un valor menor.
2011) identificaron un complejo de siete especies cripticas de Phocides de las cuales dos, cuyos ejemplares fueron denominados Phocides pigmalion DHJ01 y Phocides pigmalion DHJ02, estan restringidas a bosques tierra adentro donde utilizan plantas hospederas pertenecientes a las familias Combretaceae y Sapindaceae y Euphorbiaceae, Malvaceae, Phyllantaceae y Tiliaceae, respectivamente (Janzen y Hallwachs, 2008).
X3726 PE 92 PERACEAE Pera bicolor X3649 PE 15 PHYLLANTHACEAE Hieronyma X3635 PE 01 alchor- X4539 85 Gutierrez (025489) neoides X4540 91 Gutierrez (025492) POLYGONACEAE Ruprechtia X3712 PE 78 ramiflora Triplaris X3687 PE 53 caracasana RUBIACEAE Bertiera X4226 3937 Breteler guianensis X4230 4045 Breteler Chomelia X4228 4017 Breteler venezue- lensis Genipa X6675 874 Marcano Berti americana Posoqueria X4223 3706 Breteler panamensis X6674 871 Marcano Berti Rudgea X1854 4016 Breteler crassiloba RUTACEAE Zanthoxylum X3655 PE 21 rhoifolium SAPINDACEAE Billia rosea X1845 3961 Breteler Talisia sp.